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Article

Edible Insects in Africa in Terms of Food, Wildlife Resource, and Pest Management Legislation

1
Institute for Food Quality and Food Safety, Hannover University of Veterinary Medicine, Foundation, Bischofsholer Damm 15, D-30173 Hannover, Germany
2
Research Centre for Biodiversity Management, 04 B.P., Cotonou BJ-0385, Benin
3
Institute for Food Quality and Food Safety, Research Center for Emerging Infections and Zoonoses (RIZ), Hannover University of Veterinary Medicine, Foundation, Bünteweg 2, D-30559 Hannover, Germany
4
Laboratory of Valorization and Conservation of Biological Resources, University of M’Hamed Bougara of Boumerdes, Avenue de l’indépendance, Boumerdès DZ-35000, Algeria
5
Laboratory of Biotechnology and Nuclear Technologies LR16CNSTN01, National Centre for Nuclear Sciences and Technology, Technopole de Sidi Thabet, Sidi Thabet T-2020, Tunisia
6
Biological Application Department, Nuclear Research Centre, Atomic Energy Authority, Cairo ET-11787, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(4), 502; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9040502
Received: 4 March 2020 / Revised: 10 April 2020 / Accepted: 13 April 2020 / Published: 16 April 2020
Entomophagy is an ancient and actually African tradition that has been receiving renewed attention since edible insects have been identified as one of the solutions to improve global nutrition. As any other foodstuff, insects should be regulated by the government to ensure product quality and consumer safety. The goal of the present paper was to assess the current legal status of edible insects in Africa. For that, corresponding authorities were contacted along with an extensive online search, relying mostly on the FAOLEX database. Except for Botswana, insects are not mentioned in national regulations, although the definitions for “foodstuff” allow their inclusion, i.e., general food law can also apply to insects. Contacted authorities tolerated entomophagy, even though no legal base existed. However, insects typically appear in laws pertaining the use of natural resources, making a permit necessary (in most cases). Pest management regulation can also refer to edible species, e.g., locusts or weevils. Farming is an option that should be assessed carefully. All this creates a complex, nation-specific situation regarding which insect may be used legally to what purpose. Recommendations for elements in future insect-related regulations from the food hygiene point of view are provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: entomophagy; food law; Africa; food hygiene; food policy entomophagy; food law; Africa; food hygiene; food policy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Grabowski, N.T.; Tchibozo, S.; Abdulmawjood, A.; Acheuk, F.; M’Saad Guerfali, M.; Sayed, W.A.A.; Plötz, M. Edible Insects in Africa in Terms of Food, Wildlife Resource, and Pest Management Legislation. Foods 2020, 9, 502. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9040502

AMA Style

Grabowski NT, Tchibozo S, Abdulmawjood A, Acheuk F, M’Saad Guerfali M, Sayed WAA, Plötz M. Edible Insects in Africa in Terms of Food, Wildlife Resource, and Pest Management Legislation. Foods. 2020; 9(4):502. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9040502

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grabowski, Nils Th., Séverin Tchibozo, Amir Abdulmawjood, Fatma Acheuk, Meriem M’Saad Guerfali, Waheed A.A. Sayed, and Madeleine Plötz. 2020. "Edible Insects in Africa in Terms of Food, Wildlife Resource, and Pest Management Legislation" Foods 9, no. 4: 502. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9040502

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