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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Alternative Protein Feeds on the Content of Selected Endogenous Bioactive and Flavour-Related Compounds in Chicken Breast Meat

Department of Animal Sciences, University of Göttingen, 37075 Göttingen, Germany
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Foods 2020, 9(4), 392; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9040392
Received: 28 February 2020 / Revised: 20 March 2020 / Accepted: 26 March 2020 / Published: 28 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Meat)
Currently, soybean meal constitutes the main protein source for poultry production. However, the environmental and social issues related to soybean production are calling for more sustainable protein sources that can offset soybean requirements in animal production. Hermetia illucens larvae and the microalga spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) have proven to be effective alternatives to soybean meal for poultry production. In this study, the effect of 100% replacement of soy with partially defatted Hermetia illucens larvae and spirulina on the contents of selected endogenous bioactive (anserine, creatine and carnosine) and flavour-related (inosine and inosine-5´-monophosphate, IMP) compounds in chicken breast meat was evaluated. The results showed that the spirulina-based diet lowered the levels of anserine, carnosine and creatine compared to the control diet (3.3 vs. 4.1 mg/g, 0.15 vs. 0.72 mg/g and 1.49 vs. 2.49 mg/g, respectively) while IMP levels tended to be higher in spirulina-fed samples. Compared to the control group, Hermetia illucens-fed samples showed a lower content of bioactive peptides (anserine: 3.6 vs. 4.1 mg/g; carnosine: 0.39 vs. 0.72 mg/g; creatine: 2.03 vs. 2.49 mg/g), albeit to a lesser extent than the spirulina treatment group. View Full-Text
Keywords: Arthrospira platensis; spirulina; Hermetia illucens; black soldier fly; bioactive peptides; inosine; inosine-5´-monophosphate Arthrospira platensis; spirulina; Hermetia illucens; black soldier fly; bioactive peptides; inosine; inosine-5´-monophosphate
MDPI and ACS Style

Gkarane, V.; Ciulu, M.; Altmann, B.; Mörlein, D. Effect of Alternative Protein Feeds on the Content of Selected Endogenous Bioactive and Flavour-Related Compounds in Chicken Breast Meat. Foods 2020, 9, 392. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9040392

AMA Style

Gkarane V, Ciulu M, Altmann B, Mörlein D. Effect of Alternative Protein Feeds on the Content of Selected Endogenous Bioactive and Flavour-Related Compounds in Chicken Breast Meat. Foods. 2020; 9(4):392. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9040392

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gkarane, Vasiliki; Ciulu, Marco; Altmann, Brianne; Mörlein, Daniel. 2020. "Effect of Alternative Protein Feeds on the Content of Selected Endogenous Bioactive and Flavour-Related Compounds in Chicken Breast Meat" Foods 9, no. 4: 392. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9040392

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