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Open AccessReview

The Pharmacological Effects and Health Benefits of Platycodon grandiflorus—A Medicine Food Homology Species

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Baotou Medical College, Baotou 014060, Inner Mongolia, China
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Department of Pharmacy, Inner Mongolia Medical University, Hohhot 010110, Inner Mongolia, China
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Pharmaceutical Laboratory, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Academy of Chinese Medicine, Hohhot 010020, Inner Mongolia, China
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Inner Mongolia Key Laboratory of Characteristic Geoherbs Resources Protection and Utilization, Baotou Medical College, Baotou 014060, Inner Mongolia, China
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Guangxi Key Laboratory of Medicinal Resources Protection and Genetic Improvement, Guangxi Botanical Garden of Medicinal Plants, Nanning 530023, Jiangxi, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(2), 142; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9020142
Received: 15 January 2020 / Revised: 23 January 2020 / Accepted: 24 January 2020 / Published: 31 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutraceuticals in Human Health)
Platycodon grandiflorus is a widely used edible, traditional Chinese medicinal herb. It is rich in saponins, flavonoids, phenolic acids, and other compounds. It contains a large number of fatty acids such as linoleic acid (up to 63.24%), a variety of amino acids, vitamins, and multiple essential trace elements. P. grandiflorus has several biological applications, such as in hypotension, lipid reduction, atherosclerosis, inflammation, relieving cough and phlegm, promoting cholic acid secretion, and as an antioxidant. Further, P. grandiflorus is often used in the development of cold mixed vegetables, canned vegetables, preserved fruit, salted vegetables, and cosmetics in northeast China, South Korea, Japan, and Korea. In this paper, the active chemical components and the health benefits of P. grandiflorus have been reviewed, providing new ideas for the further development of nutraceutical products to prevent and manage chronic diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: Platycodon grandiflorus; medicinal food; saponins; human health; applications Platycodon grandiflorus; medicinal food; saponins; human health; applications
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Ji, M.-Y.; Bo, A.; Yang, M.; Xu, J.-F.; Jiang, L.-L.; Zhou, B.-C.; Li, M.-H. The Pharmacological Effects and Health Benefits of Platycodon grandiflorus—A Medicine Food Homology Species. Foods 2020, 9, 142.

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