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Open AccessArticle

Impulsivity, Emotional Intelligence, and Alcohol Consumption in Young People: A Mediation Analysis

1
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Cádiz, 11519 Puerto Real, Spain
2
INDESS (Research Universitary Institute for Sustainable Social Development), University of Cádiz, 11406 Jerez de la Frontera, Spain
3
Basic Psychology Area, Department of Clinical and Experimental Psychology, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(1), 71; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9010071
Received: 7 November 2019 / Revised: 29 December 2019 / Accepted: 3 January 2020 / Published: 8 January 2020
Alcohol consumption in young people is a public health problem. Due to the harmful consequences and the large population using alcoholic substances, it would be important to determine the biological, psychological, and social factors associated with alcohol use and abuse. The main object of this study is to explore which components of impulsivity, according to the main theoretical models, have predictive power regarding alcohol consumption in young people. A secondary objective is to determine if emotional intelligence has a mediating role between the components of impulsivity and alcohol consumption, and thus specifically contribute to the knowledge about the mediation processes between those variables that are involved in the initiation and maintenance of alcohol consumption. For this purpose, 384 participants were recruited (83.1% females, n = 319), with mean age of 20.46 years (SD = 1.90; range 18–25). All participants were alcohol consumers at the beginning of the study. Data collection was conducted via online survey; impulsivity was evaluated by several questionnaires (Sensation Seeking Scale Form V, Barratt Impulsivity Scales 11, and Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward), and emotional intelligence was evaluated by the Trait Meta-Mood Scale. The results reveal that the dimension of disinhibition (a dimension of the sensation search scale) significantly has the highest predictive value on alcohol consumption. Moreover, our data show that the total effect and direct effect of disinhibition on frequency of alcohol consumption were both significant. The mediating role of emotional intelligence in this process was also significant. These findings show which variables should be considered to prevent alcohol consumption in young people. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol; impulsivity; emotional intelligence; sensation seeking alcohol; impulsivity; emotional intelligence; sensation seeking
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MDPI and ACS Style

Merchán-Clavellino, A.; Salguero-Alcañiz, M.P.; Guil, R.; Alameda-Bailén, J.R. Impulsivity, Emotional Intelligence, and Alcohol Consumption in Young People: A Mediation Analysis. Foods 2020, 9, 71.

AMA Style

Merchán-Clavellino A, Salguero-Alcañiz MP, Guil R, Alameda-Bailén JR. Impulsivity, Emotional Intelligence, and Alcohol Consumption in Young People: A Mediation Analysis. Foods. 2020; 9(1):71.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Merchán-Clavellino, Ana; Salguero-Alcañiz, María P.; Guil, Rocío; Alameda-Bailén, Jose R. 2020. "Impulsivity, Emotional Intelligence, and Alcohol Consumption in Young People: A Mediation Analysis" Foods 9, no. 1: 71.

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