Next Article in Journal
Industrial Ultrasound Applications in the Extra-Virgin Olive Oil Extraction Process: History, Approaches, and Key Questions
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Calcium and Manganese on Sporulation of Bacillus Species Involved in Food Poisoning and Spoilage
Open AccessArticle

Improved Lycopene Production from Different Substrates by Mated Fermentation of Blakeslea Trispora

Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Gaziantep, 27310 Gaziantep, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2019, 8(4), 120; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8040120
Received: 23 February 2019 / Revised: 27 March 2019 / Accepted: 28 March 2019 / Published: 9 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sensory and Consumer Sciences)
The production of lycopene from different substrates by Blakeslea trispora in fermentation was investigated. Lycopene productions from 4 and 6% glucose (pH 6.5) in shake flask fermentation were 77.7 and 28.1 mg L−1. Increasing the glucose concentration to 6% resulted in a decrease in lycopene production by 36.2%. A maximum lycopene concentration of 944.8 mg L−1 was detected with 4% glucose supplemented with 1.0 % sunflower oil in fermentor studies. Lycopene productions in the presence of sunflower and corn oils in the fermentor were 12.2 and 11.1 times higher, respectively, then without oil from 4 % glucose in a shake flask. Lycopene production from orange peel was two times higher in the fermentor than in the shake flask. Zygospores of B. trispora are the morphological forms, which are responsible for the production of the lycopene. The highest level of zygospores was correlated with the highest amount of intracellular lycopene in the total biomass dry weight. The media containing only orange powder (1%) gave a 4.9 mg L−1 lycopene production in a fermentor. The biosynthesis of lycopene has been started in most cases simultaneously in the early growth phase even in trace amounts. Maximum lycopene concentration was obtained when the medium was supplied with sunflower and corn oils. There is an indirect relationship between biomass and lycopene concentration. View Full-Text
Keywords: lycopene; Blakeslea trispora; fermentation; vegetable oil; orange powder lycopene; Blakeslea trispora; fermentation; vegetable oil; orange powder
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Sevgili, A.; Erkmen, O. Improved Lycopene Production from Different Substrates by Mated Fermentation of Blakeslea Trispora. Foods 2019, 8, 120. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8040120

AMA Style

Sevgili A, Erkmen O. Improved Lycopene Production from Different Substrates by Mated Fermentation of Blakeslea Trispora. Foods. 2019; 8(4):120. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8040120

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sevgili, Ayse; Erkmen, Osman. 2019. "Improved Lycopene Production from Different Substrates by Mated Fermentation of Blakeslea Trispora" Foods 8, no. 4: 120. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8040120

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop