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Open AccessArticle

Chemical Fingerprinting of Seeds of Some Salvia Species in Turkey by Using GC-MS and FTIR

1
Technical Vocational School of Higher Education, Program of Medical Aromatic Plants, Selcuk University, 42500 Cumra, Konya, Turkey
2
Food Engineering Department, Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering Faculty, Yıldız Technical University, 34210 Istanbul, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2019, 8(4), 118; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8040118
Received: 22 February 2019 / Revised: 25 March 2019 / Accepted: 29 March 2019 / Published: 4 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Analysis of Food Aroma)
Six species of Salvia seeds cultivated and grown in Cumra/Konya (Turkey) were evaluated using headspace gas chromatography mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy-attenuated total reflectance (FTIR-ATR) combined chemometrics of hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) and principal component analysis (PCA). The major volatile compounds in the Salvia species are determined as n-hexanal (present in seven samples), sabinene (present in three samples), α-pinene (present in 13 samples), α-thujone (present in four samples), borneol (present in 11 samples), linalyl acetate (present in 10 samples), β-pinene (present in 13 samples), camphene (present in 13 samples), α-thujene (present in four samples), 2,4(10)-thujadien (present in two samples), β-myrcene (present in seven samples), limonen (present in 12 samples), 1,8-cineole (eucalyptol) (present in 13 samples) and camphor (present in nine samples). The most abundant (%) volatile compounds among all were detected as α-pinene, camphene, β-pinene and eucalyptol. For the first time, chemometrics of HCA and PCA is applied to FTIR and GC-MS data. The classification of all samples is performed on the basis of their chemical similarities and differences. View Full-Text
Keywords: Salvia seed; GC-MS; FTIR; volatile content; chemometrics; HCA; PCA Salvia seed; GC-MS; FTIR; volatile content; chemometrics; HCA; PCA
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tulukcu, E.; Cebi, N.; Sagdic, O. Chemical Fingerprinting of Seeds of Some Salvia Species in Turkey by Using GC-MS and FTIR. Foods 2019, 8, 118. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8040118

AMA Style

Tulukcu E, Cebi N, Sagdic O. Chemical Fingerprinting of Seeds of Some Salvia Species in Turkey by Using GC-MS and FTIR. Foods. 2019; 8(4):118. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8040118

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tulukcu, Eray; Cebi, Nur; Sagdic, Osman. 2019. "Chemical Fingerprinting of Seeds of Some Salvia Species in Turkey by Using GC-MS and FTIR" Foods 8, no. 4: 118. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8040118

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