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Incremental Adjustments to Amount of Thickening Agent in Beverages: Implications for Clinical Practitioners Who Oversee Nutrition Care Involving Thickened Liquids

1
Communication Sciences & Disorders, School of Family Studies & Human Services, Kansas State University, 1405 Campus Creek Road, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
2
Center for Sensory Analysis and Consumer Behavior, 1310 Research Park Dr., Manhattan, KS 66502, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2019, 8(2), 74; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8020074
Received: 3 January 2019 / Revised: 10 February 2019 / Accepted: 12 February 2019 / Published: 14 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Food Quality and Safety)
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Abstract

This study examined the changes in viscosity in response to small alterations in the amount of a thickening agent mixed with three commonly thickened beverages. A total of 11 incremental adjustments in the amount of a starch-based thickening agent (5.0 g to 7.0 g) were made. The results showed that the incremental increases resulted in systematic changes to the liquid thickness, reflecting modifications that ranged from a nectar (mildly thick) to a honey-like (moderately thick) level of consistency. The findings emphasize the importance of the proper preparation of thickened beverages, highlighting the need for standards in training practices and the use of simple measurement tools for assuring the prescribed levels of consistency. View Full-Text
Keywords: dysphagia; swallowing; thickened beverages; liquids; viscosity; quality of care dysphagia; swallowing; thickened beverages; liquids; viscosity; quality of care
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Garcia, J.M.; Chambers, E., IV. Incremental Adjustments to Amount of Thickening Agent in Beverages: Implications for Clinical Practitioners Who Oversee Nutrition Care Involving Thickened Liquids. Foods 2019, 8, 74.

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