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Foods 2018, 7(10), 167; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods7100167

Antibiotic-Resistant Salmonella in the Food Supply and the Potential Role of Antibiotic Alternatives for Control

1
Department of Animal Science, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108 USA
2
Department of Animal Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 June 2018 / Revised: 3 October 2018 / Accepted: 3 October 2018 / Published: 11 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Food Microbiology)
Full-Text   |   PDF [328 KB, uploaded 11 October 2018]

Abstract

Salmonella enterica is one of the most ubiquitous enteropathogenic bacterial species on earth, and comprises more than 2500 serovars. Widely known for causing non-typhoidal foodborne infections (95%), and enteric (typhoid) fever in humans, Salmonella colonizes almost all warm- and cold-blooded animals, in addition to its extra-animal environmental strongholds. The last few decades have witnessed the emergence of highly virulent and antibiotic-resistant Salmonella, causing greater morbidity and mortality in humans. The emergence of several Salmonella serotypes resistant to multiple antibiotics in food animals underscores a significant food safety hazard. In this review, we discuss the various antibiotic-resistant Salmonella serotypes in food animals and the food supply, factors that contributed to their emergence, their antibiotic resistance mechanisms, the public health implications of their spread through the food supply, and the potential antibiotic alternatives for controlling them. View Full-Text
Keywords: Salmonella; antibiotic resistant; food supply; serotypes; antibiotic alternatives; control Salmonella; antibiotic resistant; food supply; serotypes; antibiotic alternatives; control
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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V. T. Nair, D.; Venkitanarayanan, K.; Kollanoor Johny, A. Antibiotic-Resistant Salmonella in the Food Supply and the Potential Role of Antibiotic Alternatives for Control. Foods 2018, 7, 167.

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