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Foods 2017, 6(10), 85; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods6100085

Potential Use of Plant Waste from the Moth Orchid (Phalaenopsis Sogo Yukidian “V3”) as an Antioxidant Source

1
Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima 739-8529, Japan
2
Division of Genetic Engineering, Agricultural Genetics Institute, Pham Van Dong Street, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 July 2017 / Revised: 23 September 2017 / Accepted: 23 September 2017 / Published: 27 September 2017
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Abstract

This research was conducted to exploit the waste of used plant parts from the widely marketed moth orchid cultivar (Phalaenopsis Sogo Yukidian “V3”). Various extracts of roots, stems, and leaves were evaluated for total phenolics, total flavonoids, and antioxidant capacity. The bound extract from stems contained the highest total phenolics (5.092 ± 0.739 mg GAE (gallic acid equivalent)/g DW (dry weight)). The maximum total flavonoids (2.218 ± 0.021 mg RE (rutin equivalent)/g DW) were found in the hexane extract of leaves. Ethyl acetate extract from roots showed the greatest antioxidant activity compared to other extracts. Of these extracts, the IC50 values of these samples were 0.070 mg/mL, and 0.450 mg/mL in a free radical 1,-diphenyl-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) assay and reducing power method, respectively. The lipid peroxidation inhibition (LPI) was found to be 94.2% using the β-carotene bleaching method. Five phenolic compounds including caffeic acid, syringic acid, vanillin, ellagic acid, and cinnamic acid were quantified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). It is suggested that the roots of the hybrid Phalaenopsis Sogo Yukidian “V3” cultivar may be exploited as an effective source of antioxidants. View Full-Text
Keywords: Phalaenopsis Sogo Yukidian “V3”; antioxidant activity; moth orchids; phenolic acids; plant part waste Phalaenopsis Sogo Yukidian “V3”; antioxidant activity; moth orchids; phenolic acids; plant part waste
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Minh, T.N.; Tuyen, P.T.; Khang, D.T.; Quan, N.V.; Ha, P.T.T.; Quan, N.T.; Andriana, Y.; Fan, X.; Van, T.M.; Khanh, T.D.; Xuan, T.D. Potential Use of Plant Waste from the Moth Orchid (Phalaenopsis Sogo Yukidian “V3”) as an Antioxidant Source. Foods 2017, 6, 85.

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