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Article

Older Adults’ Exposure to Food Media Induced Unhealthy Eating during the COVID-19 Omicron Lockdown? Exploring Negative Emotions and Associated Literacy and Efficacy on Shanghainese

School of Communication, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
Foods 2024, 13(12), 1797; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods13121797
Submission received: 14 May 2024 / Revised: 3 June 2024 / Accepted: 5 June 2024 / Published: 7 June 2024

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic, propelled by the highly transmissible Omicron variant, had a global impact and significantly affected Shanghai, a major city in China. This study investigates how food media exposure influenced unhealthy eating habits among older adults during the COVID-19 lockdown in Shanghai, focusing on the roles of negative emotions, food literacy, health consciousness, and eating self-efficacy. The random sample comprised 400 individuals aged ≥50 years who lived in Shanghai from March to June 2022. A path and correlation analysis was performed. The exposure of older adults to food media resulted in the acceleration of unhealthy eating. The relationship was significantly exacerbated by food literacy and negative emotions. In contrast, eating self-efficacy and health consciousness effectively countered the media. The enhanced pathway from food-related media influence to eating habits through negative emotions or self-efficacy towards health awareness and food literacy showed significant effects. The findings provide insights for future research and public health strategies. Importantly, this study has practical significance for media professionals, public health decision-makers, and healthy food businesses regarding how to enhance older adults’ cognition to respond to unhealthy eating crises.
Keywords: food media; cognition; negative emotions; food literacy; health consciousness; eating self-efficacy; older adults; unhealthy eating food media; cognition; negative emotions; food literacy; health consciousness; eating self-efficacy; older adults; unhealthy eating

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jiao, W. Older Adults’ Exposure to Food Media Induced Unhealthy Eating during the COVID-19 Omicron Lockdown? Exploring Negative Emotions and Associated Literacy and Efficacy on Shanghainese. Foods 2024, 13, 1797. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods13121797

AMA Style

Jiao W. Older Adults’ Exposure to Food Media Induced Unhealthy Eating during the COVID-19 Omicron Lockdown? Exploring Negative Emotions and Associated Literacy and Efficacy on Shanghainese. Foods. 2024; 13(12):1797. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods13121797

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jiao, Wen. 2024. "Older Adults’ Exposure to Food Media Induced Unhealthy Eating during the COVID-19 Omicron Lockdown? Exploring Negative Emotions and Associated Literacy and Efficacy on Shanghainese" Foods 13, no. 12: 1797. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods13121797

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