Next Article in Journal
Comparison of Spectroscopy-Based Methods and Chemometrics to Confirm Classification of Specialty Coffees
Next Article in Special Issue
Novel Technologies for Seaweed Polysaccharides Extraction and Their Use in Food with Therapeutically Applications—A Review
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Microwave Treatment on Adzuki Beans (Vigna angularis L.) under Dry State—Analyzing Microstructure, Water Absorption, and Antioxidant Properties
 
 
Article

Isolation of Valuable Biological Substances from Microalgae Culture

1
Institute of Living Systems, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, A. Nevskogo Street 14, Kaliningrad 236016, Russia
2
Department of Bionanotechnology, Kemerovo State University, Krasnaya Street 6, Kemerovo 650043, Russia
3
Institute of Agroengineering and Food System, Kaliningrad State Technical University, Soviet Avenue 1, Kaliningrad 236022, Russia
4
Natural Nutraceutical Biotesting Laboratory, Kemerovo State University, Krasnaya Street 6, Kemerovo 650043, Russia
5
Department of General Mathematics and Informatics, Kemerovo State University, Krasnaya Street 6, Kemerovo 650043, Russia
6
Institut Pascal, Université Clermont Auvergne, CNRS, Clermont Auvergne INP, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ivana Generalić Mekinić and Vida Šimat
Foods 2022, 11(11), 1654; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11111654
Received: 23 April 2022 / Revised: 1 June 2022 / Accepted: 2 June 2022 / Published: 4 June 2022
Methods for purifying, detecting, and characterizing protein concentrate, carbohydrates, lipids, and neutral fats from the microalgae were developed as a result of research. Microalgae were collected from natural sources (water, sand, soil of the Kaliningrad region, Russia). Microalgae were identified based on morphology and polymerase chain reaction as Chlorella vulgaris Beijer, Arthrospira platensis Gomont, Arthrospira platensis (Nordst.) Geitl., and Dunaliella salina Teod. The protein content in all microalgae samples was determined using a spectrophotometer. The extracts were dried by spray freeze drying. Pressure acid hydrolysis with 1% sulfuric acid was determined to be the most effective method for extracting carbohydrates from microalgae biomass samples. The highest yield of carbohydrates (more than 56%) was obtained from A. platensis samples. The addition of carbohydrates to the cultivation medium increased the accumulation of fatty acids in microalgae, especially in Chlorella. When carbohydrates were introduced to nutrient media, neutral lipids increased by 10.9%, triacylglycerides by 10.9%, fatty acids by 13.9%, polar lipids by 3.1%, unsaponifiable substances by 13.1%, chlorophyllides by 12.1%, other impurities by 8.9% on average for all microalgae. It was demonstrated that on average the content of myristic acid increased by 10.8%, palmitic acid by 10.4%, oleic acid by 10.0%, stearic acid by 10.1%, and linoleic acid by 5.7% in all microalgae samples with the addition of carbohydrates to nutrient media. It was established that microalgae samples contained valuable components (proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, fatty acids, minerals). Thereby the study of the composition of lipids and fatty acids in microalgae, as well as the influence of carbohydrates in the nutrient medium on lipid accumulation, is a promising direction for scientific research in the fields of physiology, biochemistry, biophysics, genetics, space biology and feed additive production. View Full-Text
Keywords: microalgae; proteins; carbohydrates; lipids; Chlorella; microalgae; fatty acid microalgae; proteins; carbohydrates; lipids; Chlorella; microalgae; fatty acid
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Babich, O.; Dolganyuk, V.; Andreeva, A.; Katserov, D.; Matskova, L.; Ulrikh, E.; Ivanova, S.; Michaud, P.; Sukhikh, S. Isolation of Valuable Biological Substances from Microalgae Culture. Foods 2022, 11, 1654. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11111654

AMA Style

Babich O, Dolganyuk V, Andreeva A, Katserov D, Matskova L, Ulrikh E, Ivanova S, Michaud P, Sukhikh S. Isolation of Valuable Biological Substances from Microalgae Culture. Foods. 2022; 11(11):1654. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11111654

Chicago/Turabian Style

Babich, Olga, Vyacheslav Dolganyuk, Anna Andreeva, Dmitriy Katserov, Liudmila Matskova, Elena Ulrikh, Svetlana Ivanova, Philippe Michaud, and Stanislav Sukhikh. 2022. "Isolation of Valuable Biological Substances from Microalgae Culture" Foods 11, no. 11: 1654. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11111654

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop