“Food Village”: An Innovative Alternative Food Network Based on Human Scale Development Economic Model
1.1. Alternative Food Networks: Past and Actuality
1.2. A Comparison of Four Relevant AFNs
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. The Economic Models Underlying the New Food Supply Chain Model
2.2. Max-Neef’s Matrix for Needs Analysis
2.3. Designing Innovative AFN through the Max-Neef’s Matrix
2.4. A New Food Supply Chain Model for a New Economic Paradigm
- Customers or consumers: the end-users of the goods or services provided by the supply chain.
- Producers or suppliers: subjects who sell their products through the supply chain channel.
- Holders or financial partners: those who make their own or third-party capital available. Financial service providers also belong to this category, companies that deal with transactions, insurance, and asset or financial advice.
- Employees or collaborators as active operators within the supply chain space: people who perform duties in the sales or purchase point, seasonal and non-seasonal agricultural workers, and all those who provide their service in one of the production process phases.
- Collectivity or social context, all groups that indirectly experience entrepreneurial actions while focusing on residents close to the supply chain and potentially critical NGOs.
The “Food Villages”: An Innovative Food Network Concept Proposal
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Localisation/proximity||High: It brings together local producers with consumers aiming to create a proximity exchange channel.||Medium–High: It is very important but not exclusive because OGSD supplies organic products exclusively.||High: Localisation is not an essential element but is strongly recommended.||Medium: The product’s prevalence comes from a distance of 200–500 km and other continents at the members’ wishes.|
|Consumer involvement||High: Consumers generally manage the organisational part of the group||Medium–Low: The products ordered are collected at distribution points or delivered home, so direct contact with the producers could be marginal.||Medium–High: Consumers support production before receiving products. Sometimes, they contribute to manual labour helping the producers.||Very high: Consumers work in it, decide which products should be selling and participate in assemblies by the directors’ board.|
|Reasons for joining||High product quality; ethical–moral values; trust in producers; social interactions; socio-political values; support to producers; ecological sustainability; fair price. Acquisition of new knowledge is not strictly a reason for joining.||High product quality; ethical–moral values; trust in producers; social interactions; socio-political values; support to producers; ecological sustainability; fair price. Acquisition of new knowledge is not strictly a reason for joining.||High products quality; ethical–moral values; trust in producers; socio-political values; support to producers; fair price; ecological sustainability; acquisition of new knowledge. Social interaction is not strictly a reason for joining.||High product quality; socio-political values; social interactions; support to producers; fair price; acquisition of new knowledge. Ethical–moral values, trust in producers, ecological sustainability are not strictly reasons for joining.|
|Effects of sustainability||Healthy Eating:||Consumers are very interested in healthy eating and nutrition education.||It promotes organic agriculture and the critical consumption of healthy foods.||It usually promotes organic agriculture.||It arises from the consumers’ need to find healthy foods in big cities.|
|Use of natural resources:||Less impact of transport due to the high proximity supply–demand. Logistic system streamlined by governance. Low-input agriculture supported.||Less impact of transport due to the middle–high proximity supply–demand. Logistic system streamlined by governance. Organic agriculture supported.||Food waste can occur due to a wrong consumers’ estimate of the product they need in advance. Producers are often organic.||Imported products from other continents, if members request, could determine an environmental impact.|
|Limits||A limited number of families can join. Limited temporal and logistic accessibility. Reduced product variability. The possible high involvement from all members could discourage many from joining.||Limited temporal and logistic accessibility. Reduced product variability. A limited number of consumers supplied by local producers||Products ordered in advance may not be satisfactory at the time of delivery, both qualitatively and quantitatively. Limited temporal and logistic accessibility. The possible high involvement from all members could discourage many from joining. Food waste could occur.||The high involvement from all members could discourage many from joining. A consolidated system requests a large number of adherents willing to collaborate periodically over the years.|
|Subsistence||Health, Adaptability, Sense of humour||Food, Shelter, Work||Feed, Procreate, Rest, Work||Social setting, Environment|
|Protection||Care, Equilibrium, Solidarity||Rights, Social security, Family||Cooperate, Plan, Help||Living space, Dwelling|
|Affection||Self-esteem, Respect, Passion||Friendship, Family, Relation with nature||Make love, Share, Cultivate, Appreciate||Privacy, Intimacy, Home, Togetherness|
|Understanding||Critical conscience, Curiosity, Discipline||Literature, Education, Teachers||Investigate meditate experiment||Groups, Community, Schools, Family|
|Participation||Dedication, Respect, Receptiveness||Rights, Responsibility duties, Work||Cooperate, Dissent, Agree on, Interact||Associations, Churches, Family|
|Idleness||Curiosity, Tranquillity, Imagination||Peace of mind, Games, Parties||Day-dream, Relax, Remember, Brood||Privacy, Intimacy, Free time, Landscape|
|Creation||Passion, Intuition, Imagination||Abilities, Skills, Method, Work||Work, Invent, Build, Compose, Design||Productive settings, Workshops, Time|
|Identity||Sense of belonging, Self-esteem||Language, Symbols, Religion, Values||Commit oneself, Grow, Recognise||Social rhythms, Maturation stages|
|Freedom||Autonomy, Boldness, Passion||Equal rights||Dissent, Choose, Disobey, Run risks||Temporal/spatial plasticity|
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Stella, G.; Torquati, B.; Paffarini, C.; Giordani, G.; Cecchini, L.; Poletti, R. “Food Village”: An Innovative Alternative Food Network Based on Human Scale Development Economic Model. Foods 2022, 11, 1447. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11101447
Stella G, Torquati B, Paffarini C, Giordani G, Cecchini L, Poletti R. “Food Village”: An Innovative Alternative Food Network Based on Human Scale Development Economic Model. Foods. 2022; 11(10):1447. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11101447Chicago/Turabian Style
Stella, Giordano, Biancamaria Torquati, Chiara Paffarini, Giorgia Giordani, Lucio Cecchini, and Roberto Poletti. 2022. "“Food Village”: An Innovative Alternative Food Network Based on Human Scale Development Economic Model" Foods 11, no. 10: 1447. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11101447