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Review

Human Milk Oligosaccharides (HMOs) and Infant Microbiota: A Scoping Review

1
Center for Metabolomics and Bioanalysis (CEMBIO), Facultad de Farmacia, Campus Montepríncipe, Universidad San Pablo-CEU, Boadilla del Monte, 28668 Madrid, Spain
2
Department of Analytical Chemistry, Nutrition and Bromatology, Santiago de Compostela University, 27002 Lugo, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2021, 10(6), 1429; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10061429
Received: 15 May 2021 / Revised: 15 June 2021 / Accepted: 17 June 2021 / Published: 20 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Food Nutrition)
Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are the third most abundant solid component of breast milk. However, the newborn cannot assimilate them as nutrients. They are recognized prebiotic agents (the first in the newborn diet) that stimulate the growth of beneficial microorganisms, mainly the genus Bifidobacterium, dominant in the gut of breastfed infants. The structures of the oligosaccharides vary mainly according to maternal genetics, but also other maternal factors such as parity and mode of delivery, age, diet, and nutritional status or even geographic location and seasonality cause different breast milk oligosaccharides profiles. Differences in the profiles of HMO have been linked to breast milk microbiota and gut microbial colonization of babies. Here, we provide a review of the scope of reports on associations between HMOs and the infant gut microbiota to assess the impact of HMO composition. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast milk; breastfeeding; human milk oligosaccharide; infant gut microbiota; microbiome breast milk; breastfeeding; human milk oligosaccharide; infant gut microbiota; microbiome
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sánchez, C.; Fente, C.; Regal, P.; Lamas, A.; Lorenzo, M.P. Human Milk Oligosaccharides (HMOs) and Infant Microbiota: A Scoping Review. Foods 2021, 10, 1429. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10061429

AMA Style

Sánchez C, Fente C, Regal P, Lamas A, Lorenzo MP. Human Milk Oligosaccharides (HMOs) and Infant Microbiota: A Scoping Review. Foods. 2021; 10(6):1429. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10061429

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sánchez, Cristina, Cristina Fente, Patricia Regal, Alexandre Lamas, and María P. Lorenzo 2021. "Human Milk Oligosaccharides (HMOs) and Infant Microbiota: A Scoping Review" Foods 10, no. 6: 1429. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10061429

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