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Article

Discrete Choice Analysis of Consumer Preferences for Meathybrids—Findings from Germany and Belgium

1
DIL e.V.–German Institute of Food Technology, Prof.-von-Klitzing-Straße 7, D-49610 Quakenbrück, Germany
2
Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research (ILVO), Brusselsesteenweg, 370, 9090 Melle, Belgium
3
Department of Food Structure and Functionality, Institute of Food Science and Biotechnology, University of Hohenheim, Garbenstraße 21/25, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2021, 10(1), 71; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10010071
Received: 9 December 2020 / Revised: 23 December 2020 / Accepted: 25 December 2020 / Published: 31 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food, Health and Safety in Cross Cultural Consumer Contexts)
High levels of meat consumption are increasingly being criticised for ethical, environmental and social reasons. Plant-based meat substitutes have been identified as healthy sources of protein that, in comparison to meat, offer a number of social, environmental and health benefits and may play a role in reducing meat consumption. However, there has been a lack of research on the role they can play in the policy agenda and how specific meat substitute attributes can influence consumers to partially replace meat in their diets. This paper is focused on consumers’ preferences for so-called meathybrid or plant-meathybrid products. In meathybrids, only a fraction of the meat product (e.g., 20% to 50%) is replaced with plant-based proteins. Research demonstrates that in many countries, consumers are highly attached to meat and consider it as an essential and integral element of their daily diet. For these consumers that are not interested in vegan or vegetarian alternatives as meat substitutes, meathybrids could be a low-threshold option for a more sustainable food consumption behaviour. In this paper, the results of an online survey with 500 German and 501 Belgian consumers are presented. The results show that more than fifty percent of consumers substitute meat at least occasionally. Thus, about half of the respondents reveal an eligible consumption behaviour with respect to sustainability and healthiness, at least sometimes. The applied discrete choice experiment demonstrated that the analysed meat products are the most preferred by consumers. Nonetheless, the tested meathybrid variants with different shares of plant-based proteins took the second position followed by the vegetarian-based alternatives. Therefore, meathybrids could facilitate the diet transition of meat-eaters in the direction toward a more healthy and sustainable consumption. The analysed consumer segment is more open-minded to the meathybrid concept in comparison to the vegetarian substitutes. View Full-Text
Keywords: meat substitute; meathybrid; consumer preference; plant-based proteins meat substitute; meathybrid; consumer preference; plant-based proteins
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MDPI and ACS Style

Profeta, A.; Baune, M.-C.; Smetana, S.; Broucke, K.; Van Royen, G.; Weiss, J.; Heinz, V.; Terjung, N. Discrete Choice Analysis of Consumer Preferences for Meathybrids—Findings from Germany and Belgium. Foods 2021, 10, 71. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10010071

AMA Style

Profeta A, Baune M-C, Smetana S, Broucke K, Van Royen G, Weiss J, Heinz V, Terjung N. Discrete Choice Analysis of Consumer Preferences for Meathybrids—Findings from Germany and Belgium. Foods. 2021; 10(1):71. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10010071

Chicago/Turabian Style

Profeta, Adriano, Marie-Christin Baune, Sergiy Smetana, Keshia Broucke, Geert Van Royen, Jochen Weiss, Volker Heinz, and Nino Terjung. 2021. "Discrete Choice Analysis of Consumer Preferences for Meathybrids—Findings from Germany and Belgium" Foods 10, no. 1: 71. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10010071

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