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Article

Perception of Dental Caries and Parental Difficulties in Implementing Oral Hygiene for Children Aged Less Than 6 Years: A Qualitative Study

1
Department of Paedriatric Dentistry, Hospital and University of Montpellier, 34080 Montpellier, France
2
Department of Prosthodontics, Hospital and University of Montpellier, 34080 Montpellier, France
3
Department of Dental Public Health, Hospital and University of Montpellier, 34080 Montpellier, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Dent. J. 2020, 8(3), 62; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj8030062
Received: 5 May 2020 / Revised: 12 June 2020 / Accepted: 12 June 2020 / Published: 30 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Person-Centred Dentistry)
Background: Despite extensive prevention programs, dental hygiene remains inadequate, particularly among children under the age of six, and early childhood caries (ECC) are still a concern. Oral hygiene behavior and preventive practices seem difficult to change at a family level. Aim. The present study aimed to better understand the reasons behind this behavior and to identify the different barriers to the implementation of adequate preventive measures. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted in the pediatric dentistry service of the Montpellier University Hospital (France) in 2019. A thematic analysis concerning three domains was performed: family environment, dental literacy, and oral hygiene. Results. The main barriers encountered by the parents were, respectively, (1) a weakness in the organization of familial life, together with a low-medium family income and a lack of authority, (2) ignorance of the necessity of treating carious primary teeth, and (3) a lack of time for brushing or supervising their children’s teeth. Conclusion: These results showed that oral hygiene and primary teeth care could not be easily achieved in the family environment of the participants, and oral health strategies should be focused not only on children but also on their parents. View Full-Text
Keywords: early childhood caries; prevention; dental hygiene; qualitative methods; parental knowledge; parental difficulties early childhood caries; prevention; dental hygiene; qualitative methods; parental knowledge; parental difficulties
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MDPI and ACS Style

Taormina, M.; Montal, S.; Maitre, Y.; Tramini, P.; Moulis, E. Perception of Dental Caries and Parental Difficulties in Implementing Oral Hygiene for Children Aged Less Than 6 Years: A Qualitative Study. Dent. J. 2020, 8, 62. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj8030062

AMA Style

Taormina M, Montal S, Maitre Y, Tramini P, Moulis E. Perception of Dental Caries and Parental Difficulties in Implementing Oral Hygiene for Children Aged Less Than 6 Years: A Qualitative Study. Dentistry Journal. 2020; 8(3):62. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj8030062

Chicago/Turabian Style

Taormina, Marion, Sylvie Montal, Yoann Maitre, Paul Tramini, and Estelle Moulis. 2020. "Perception of Dental Caries and Parental Difficulties in Implementing Oral Hygiene for Children Aged Less Than 6 Years: A Qualitative Study" Dentistry Journal 8, no. 3: 62. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj8030062

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