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Flowable Bulk-Fill Materials Compared to Nano Ceramic Composites for Class I Cavities Restorations in Primary Molars: A Two-Year Prospective Case-Control Study

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Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Medical Firm Vital EBB, 136 Shejnkmana str., 620144 Ekaterinburg, Russia
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Institute of Immunology and Physiology (IIP) of the Ural Division of Russian Academy of Sciences, 620002 Ekaterinburg, Russia
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Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, 19 Mira street, 620002 Ekaterinburg, Russian
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Dent. J. 2019, 7(4), 94; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj7040094
Received: 31 July 2019 / Revised: 8 September 2019 / Accepted: 10 September 2019 / Published: 25 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Restorative Dentistry and Traumatology)
Background: The aim of this split-mouth study is to compare the results of 24 months’ clinical performance of primary molar Class I restorations with a nano-ceramic composite, Ceram•X mono (Dentsply) with a flowable bulk-fill material regular viscosity, SDR (Dentsply). Methods: Following the ethical approval, 27 patients with at least two class I cavities in primary molars were included in the study. A total number of 54 restorations were conducted (n = 27 for Ceram X and n = 27 for SDR). Restorations were evaluated at baseline, 6, 18, and 24 months, according to the modified Ryge criteria. The cavosurface marginal discoloration and color match were evaluated visually after air-drying the tooth and after removing the plaque (if necessary). Results: At 24 months’ follow-up, 54 restorations showed similar clinical performance. The statistical analysis did not reveal any statistical significance in the values between the groups in 7 out of 7 modified Ryge criteria. However, two restorations in both groups received Bravo ratings in the cavosurface marginal discoloration scoring. No side effects were reported by the participants of the study. Conclusion: Restorations with both materials (Ceram•X mono and SDR) have provided almost identical results. View Full-Text
Keywords: class I cavities; flowable bulk-fill materials; nano-ceramic composites; pediatric dentistry restorations; primary teeth caries class I cavities; flowable bulk-fill materials; nano-ceramic composites; pediatric dentistry restorations; primary teeth caries
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Sarapultseva, M.; Sarapultsev, A. Flowable Bulk-Fill Materials Compared to Nano Ceramic Composites for Class I Cavities Restorations in Primary Molars: A Two-Year Prospective Case-Control Study. Dent. J. 2019, 7, 94.

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