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Open AccessArticle

Association between Early Childhood Caries and Quality of Life: Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale and Pufa Index

1
Dental College, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal 795001, India
2
Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Chennai 602105, India
3
Department of Pedodontics, SRM Kattankulathur Dental College, SRM University, Chennai 603203, India
4
Department of Dentistry, Hamad Medical Corporation, P.O. Box 3350, Doha 3050, Qatar
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Dent. J. 2019, 7(4), 95; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj7040095
Received: 31 July 2019 / Revised: 31 August 2019 / Accepted: 2 September 2019 / Published: 25 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psychosocial Impacts of Dental Conditions in Childhood, Volume Ⅱ)
Early Childhood Caries (ECC) are one of the major oral diseases affecting children. ECC adversely affects the children’s as well as their parent/caregivers quality of life. The present study aims to assess the quality of life in children with Early Childhood Caries aged 6–72 months using the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale. It also aims to compare the quality of life between children with pufa scores of > 0 and a pufa score = 0. A total of 238 children aged 6 months to 72 months with ECC and their parent/caregiver were included in the present study. Oral examinations of the children were performed by the principal examiner using the defs and pufa index, which was followed by a personal interview of the 13 items in the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact scale among the 238 parents/caregivers. The results showed that, overall, Early Childhood Caries have a negative impact on children’s quality of life, as assessed by the parent/caregiver. The overall Early Childhood Oral Health Impact scale score ranged from 0–32 (mean ± SD, 14.12 ± 6.72). Children with a pufa score > 0 (mean ± SD, 16.14 ± 6.27, p < 0.001) have significantly lower quality of life than children with pufa score = 0 (mean ± SD, 9.07 ± 4.94, p < 0.001). Early Childhood Caries had a negative impact on the quality of life of children aged 6–72 months. Children with a pufa score of “0” had better oral health-related quality of life than children with a pufa score > 0. View Full-Text
Keywords: dental caries; Oral Health Impact Scale; quality of life; Early Childhood Caries dental caries; Oral Health Impact Scale; quality of life; Early Childhood Caries
MDPI and ACS Style

Sharna, N.; Ramakrishnan, M.; Samuel, V.; Ravikumar, D.; Cheenglembi, K.; Anil, S. Association between Early Childhood Caries and Quality of Life: Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale and Pufa Index. Dent. J. 2019, 7, 95.

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