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Open AccessArticle

Novel High-Resolution Lateral Dual-Axis Quad-Beam Optical MEMS Accelerometer Using Waveguide Bragg Gratings

1
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, BITS-Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad 500078, India
2
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sai Vidya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560064, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Photonics 2020, 7(3), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics7030049
Received: 8 June 2020 / Revised: 27 June 2020 / Accepted: 4 July 2020 / Published: 18 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Lasers, Light Sources and Sensors)
A novel lateral dual-axis a-Si/SiO2 waveguide Bragg grating based quad-beam accelerometer with high-resolution and large linear range has been presented in this paper. The sensor consists of silicon bulk micromachined proof mass suspended by silica beams. Three ridge gratings are positioned on the suspending beam and proof mass to maximize sensitivity and reduce noise. Impact of external acceleration in the sensing direction on the Bragg wavelength of gratings and MEMS structure has been modelled including the effects of strain, stress and temperature variation. Acceleration induces stress in the beam thus modifying the grating period and introducing chirp. The differential wavelength shift with respect to reference grating on the proof mass is the measure of acceleration. To compensate for the effect of the weight of the proof mass and increase the sensitivity of the sensor, electrostatic force of repulsion is applied to the proof mass. For the chosen parameters, the designed sensor has a linear response over a large range and a sensitivity of 30 pm/g. The temperature of surroundings, which acts as noise in sensor performance is compensated by taking differential wavelength shift with respect to reference grating. By design and choice of material, low cross-axis sensitivity is achieved. The proposed design enables a high-resolution well below 1 μ g/ Hz and is suitable for inertial navigation and seismometry applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: accelerometers; high-resolution; quad-beam MEMS; differential measurement; coupled-mode theory; nano-grating accelerometers; high-resolution; quad-beam MEMS; differential measurement; coupled-mode theory; nano-grating
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MDPI and ACS Style

Malayappan, B.; Krishnaswamy, N.; Pattnaik, P.K. Novel High-Resolution Lateral Dual-Axis Quad-Beam Optical MEMS Accelerometer Using Waveguide Bragg Gratings. Photonics 2020, 7, 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics7030049

AMA Style

Malayappan B, Krishnaswamy N, Pattnaik PK. Novel High-Resolution Lateral Dual-Axis Quad-Beam Optical MEMS Accelerometer Using Waveguide Bragg Gratings. Photonics. 2020; 7(3):49. https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics7030049

Chicago/Turabian Style

Malayappan, Balasubramanian; Krishnaswamy, Narayan; Pattnaik, Prasant K. 2020. "Novel High-Resolution Lateral Dual-Axis Quad-Beam Optical MEMS Accelerometer Using Waveguide Bragg Gratings" Photonics 7, no. 3: 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics7030049

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