Next Article in Journal
Acknowledgement to Reviewers of Photonics in 2019
Previous Article in Journal
Equivalent Circuit Model of High-Performance VCSELs
Open AccessReview

Ultrahigh-Resolution Optical Vector Analyzers

1
Department of Radiophotonics and Microwave Technologies, Kazan National Research Technical University named after A.N. Tupolev-KAI, 10, Karl Marx st., Kazan 420111, Tatarstan, Russia
2
Department of Nanotechnology and Microsystems Engineering, Perm State University, 15 Bukireva st., Perm 614990, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Photonics 2020, 7(1), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics7010014
Received: 11 December 2019 / Revised: 15 January 2020 / Accepted: 18 January 2020 / Published: 20 January 2020
The optical vector analyzer is a device used to measure the magnitude, phase responses, and other parameters of optical devices. There have been increasingly higher demands placed on optical vector analyzers during the development of optical technologies, which are satisfied by the creation of new devices and their operating principles. For further development in this area, it is necessary to generalize the experience gained during the development of optical vector analyzers. Thus, in this report, we provide an overview of all the basic types of approaches used for the realization of optical vector analyzers, including the advanced ones with the best performances. The principles of their working, as well as their associated advantages, disadvantages, and existing solutions to the identified problems, are examined in detail. The presented approaches could be of value and interest to those working in the field of laser dynamics and optical devices, as we propose one use of the optical vector analyzer as being the characterization of Fano resonance structures.
Keywords: optical vector analyzer (OVA); device under test (DUT); optical single-sideband modulation (OSSB), optical double-sideband modulation (ODSB), Mach–Zehnder modulator (MZM). optical vector analyzer (OVA); device under test (DUT); optical single-sideband modulation (OSSB), optical double-sideband modulation (ODSB), Mach–Zehnder modulator (MZM).
MDPI and ACS Style

Morozov, O.; Nureev, I.; Sakhabutdinov, A.; Kuznetsov, A.; Morozov, G.; Il’in, G.; Papazyan, S.; Ivanov, A.; Ponomarev, R. Ultrahigh-Resolution Optical Vector Analyzers. Photonics 2020, 7, 14.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop