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Article

Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS-21): Construct Validity Problem in Hispanics

School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Ponce Health Sciences University, 388 Zona Industrial Reparada 2, Ponce, PR 00716, USA
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Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2020, 10(1), 375-389; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe10010028
Received: 30 October 2019 / Revised: 21 December 2019 / Accepted: 4 January 2020 / Published: 8 January 2020
The main purpose of this research was to examine the construct validity of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS-21) in order to determine whether it is able to adequately discriminate between symptoms of depression and anxiety in the Hispanic population in Puerto Rico. This study has an instrumental design. A total of 1073 Hispanics participated in this psychometric study. The results showed that the DASS-21 has serious psychometric deficiencies, especially related to the construct validity, as well as convergent and discriminatory validity. In addition, it was shown that DASS-21 do not replicate the three-dimensional structure of the original instrument in the Hispanic community. Finally, it was confirmed that the DASS-21 have difficulty in properly identifying and discriminating between symptoms associated with depression and anxiety in a Hispanic population. View Full-Text
Keywords: anxiety; DASS-21; depression; stress; psychometric properties; validity anxiety; DASS-21; depression; stress; psychometric properties; validity
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MDPI and ACS Style

González-Rivera, J.A.; Pagán-Torres, O.M.; Pérez-Torres, E.M. Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS-21): Construct Validity Problem in Hispanics. Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2020, 10, 375-389. https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe10010028

AMA Style

González-Rivera JA, Pagán-Torres OM, Pérez-Torres EM. Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS-21): Construct Validity Problem in Hispanics. European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education. 2020; 10(1):375-389. https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe10010028

Chicago/Turabian Style

González-Rivera, Juan A., Orlando M. Pagán-Torres, and Emily M. Pérez-Torres 2020. "Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS-21): Construct Validity Problem in Hispanics" European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education 10, no. 1: 375-389. https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe10010028

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