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Overview of the Benefits and Challenges Associated with Pelletizing Biochar

Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences, Karlstad University, 65188 Karlstad, Sweden
Academic Editors: Carmen Branca and Jingyu Ran
Processes 2021, 9(9), 1591; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9091591
Received: 20 July 2021 / Revised: 19 August 2021 / Accepted: 2 September 2021 / Published: 5 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biochar-Bioenergy Production Systems)
Biochar can be derived from a wide variety of organic materials including agricultural wastes and residues, animal wastes, municipal solid wastes, pulp and paper mill wastes, and sewage sludge. Its productivity relies on feedstock type and thermochemical conditions of production. Biochar has many application advantages in several fields and has been widely studied in recent years. However, most of these studies are mainly on the powder form of biochar, while its pelleted form is sparsely reported. Even with the reported studies on biochar pellets, there is still lack of knowledge and awareness of the effects of different feedstock on the densification behavior of biochar. The mechanisms of biochar densification, which appear to be sensitive to the conditions predominating during its thermochemical production, are affected by the material from which the biochar is derived. This partly accounts for why biochar pellets have not been widely adopted in various application fields. Therefore, this paper presents an overview of the benefits associated with the use of biochar pellets and discusses the challenges encountered when pelleting biochars that are derived from different feedstock under various carbonization conditions. Research priority areas needed to overcome the challenges are also identified and discussed. The purpose is to contribute to better understanding on biochar pelletization behavior, and to offer insights useful to comprehend some basic principles that may occur in the pelleting process and to ease further and more thorough investigations. View Full-Text
Keywords: attractive forces; compressive pressure; densification; durability; temperature attractive forces; compressive pressure; densification; durability; temperature
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mohammadi, A. Overview of the Benefits and Challenges Associated with Pelletizing Biochar. Processes 2021, 9, 1591. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9091591

AMA Style

Mohammadi A. Overview of the Benefits and Challenges Associated with Pelletizing Biochar. Processes. 2021; 9(9):1591. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9091591

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mohammadi, Ali. 2021. "Overview of the Benefits and Challenges Associated with Pelletizing Biochar" Processes 9, no. 9: 1591. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9091591

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