Next Article in Journal
Heterotrophic Plate Count for Bottled Water Safety Management
Previous Article in Journal
Optimal Scheduling of Island Microgrid with Seawater-Pumped Storage Station and Renewable Energy
Open AccessArticle

Kinetics of Alkyl Lactate Formation from the Alcoholysis of Poly(Lactic Acid)

1
School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
2
Department of Chemistry, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2020, 8(6), 738; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8060738
Received: 8 June 2020 / Revised: 18 June 2020 / Accepted: 23 June 2020 / Published: 24 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Green Processes)
Alkyl lactates are green solvents that are successfully employed in several industries such as pharmaceutical, food and agricultural. They are considered prospective renewable substitutes for petroleum-derived solvents and the opportunity exists to obtain these valuable chemicals from the chemical recycling of waste poly(lactic acid). Alkyl lactates (ethyl lactate, propyl lactate and butyl lactate) were obtained from the catalysed alcoholysis reaction of poly(lactic acid) with the corresponding linear alcohol. Reactions were catalysed by a Zn complex synthesised from an ethylenediamine Schiff base. The reactions were studied in the 50–130 °C range depending on the alcohol, at autogenous pressure. Arrhenius temperature-dependent parameters (activation energies and pre-exponential factors) were estimated for the formation of the lactates. The activation energies (Ea1, Ea2 and Ea−2) for alcoholysis in ethanol were 62.58, 55.61 and 54.11 kJ/mol, respectively. Alcoholysis proceeded fastest in ethanol in comparison to propanol and butanol and reasonable rates can be achieved in temperatures as low as 50 °C. This is a promising reaction that could be used to recycle end-of-life poly(lactic acid) and could help create a circular production economy. View Full-Text
Keywords: Alkyl lactate; alcoholysis; poly(lactic acid); chemical recycling; kinetics Alkyl lactate; alcoholysis; poly(lactic acid); chemical recycling; kinetics
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lamberti, F.M.; Román-Ramírez, L.A.; Mckeown, P.; Jones, M.D.; Wood, J. Kinetics of Alkyl Lactate Formation from the Alcoholysis of Poly(Lactic Acid). Processes 2020, 8, 738.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop