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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Metal–Organic Framework Thin Films: Fabrication, Modification, and Patterning

School of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis 97330, OR, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2020, 8(3), 377;
Received: 10 February 2020 / Revised: 17 March 2020 / Accepted: 19 March 2020 / Published: 24 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Materials Processing for Production of Nanostructured Thin Films)
Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have been of great interest for their outstanding properties, such as large surface area, low density, tunable pore size and functionality, excellent structural flexibility, and good chemical stability. A significant advancement in the preparation of MOF thin films according to the needs of a variety of applications has been achieved in the past decades. Yet there is still high demand in advancing the understanding of the processes to realize more scalable, controllable, and greener synthesis. This review provides a summary of the current progress on the manufacturing of MOF thin films, including the various thin-film deposition processes, the approaches to modify the MOF structure and pore functionality, and the means to prepare patterned MOF thin films. The suitability of different synthesis techniques under various processing environments is analyzed. Finally, we discuss opportunities for future development in the manufacturing of MOF thin films. View Full-Text
Keywords: metal–organic framework; thin film; fabrication; patterning metal–organic framework; thin film; fabrication; patterning
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Zhang, Y.; Chang, C.-H. Metal–Organic Framework Thin Films: Fabrication, Modification, and Patterning. Processes 2020, 8, 377.

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