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Open AccessReview

Current Use of Carbon-Based Materials for Biomedical Applications—A Prospective and Review

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College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China
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Department of Chemistry, D.K.M. College for Women, Vellore 632001, Tamil Nadu, India
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Department of Epidemic Disease Research, Institutes for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC), Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 31441, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Biochemistry, Periyar University, Salem 636011, Tamil Nadu, India
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Mass Transfer lab, School of Chemical Engineering, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu, India
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Department of Medical Laboratories, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Qassim University, Qassim 51431, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Crop Science, College of Sanghuh Life Science, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2020, 8(3), 355; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8030355
Received: 25 November 2019 / Revised: 11 March 2020 / Accepted: 11 March 2020 / Published: 20 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Production and Biomedical Applications of Bioactive Compounds)
Among a large number of current biomedical applications in the use of medical devices, carbon-based nanomaterials such as graphene (G), graphene oxides (GO), reduced graphene oxide (rGO), and carbon nanotube (CNT) are frontline materials that are suitable for developing medical devices. Carbon Based Nanomaterials (CBNs) are becoming promising materials due to the existence of both inorganic semiconducting properties and organic π-π stacking characteristics. Hence, it could effectively simultaneously interact with biomolecules and response to the light. By taking advantage of such aspects in a single entity, CBNs could be used for developing biomedical applications in the future. The recent studies in developing carbon-based nanomaterials and its applications in targeting drug delivery, cancer therapy, and biosensors. The development of conjugated and modified carbon-based nanomaterials contributes to positive outcomes in various therapies and achieved emerging challenges in preclinical biomedical applications. Subsequently, diverse biomedical applications of carbon nanotube were also deliberately discussed in the light of various therapeutic advantages. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon-based nanomaterials; Graphene (G); Graphene Oxides (GO); reduced Graphene (rGO); Carbon NanoTube (CNT); biomedical applications carbon-based nanomaterials; Graphene (G); Graphene Oxides (GO); reduced Graphene (rGO); Carbon NanoTube (CNT); biomedical applications
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Rajakumar, G.; Zhang, X.-H.; Gomathi, T.; Wang, S.-F.; Azam Ansari, M.; Mydhili, G.; Nirmala, G.; Alzohairy, M.A.; Chung, I.-M. Current Use of Carbon-Based Materials for Biomedical Applications—A Prospective and Review. Processes 2020, 8, 355.

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