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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Impact of Fractionation Process on the Technical and Economic Viability of Corn Dry Grind Ethanol Process

1
Agricultural and Biological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
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Department of Paper and Bioprocess Engineering, State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
3
DOE Center for Advanced Bioenergy and Bioproducts Innovation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2019, 7(9), 578; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7090578
Received: 23 July 2019 / Revised: 27 August 2019 / Accepted: 28 August 2019 / Published: 1 September 2019
Use of corn fractionation techniques in dry grind process increases the number of coproducts, enhances their quality and value, generates feedstock for cellulosic ethanol production and potentially increases profitability of the dry grind process. The aim of this study is to develop process simulation models for eight different wet and dry corn fractionation techniques recovering germ, pericarp fiber and/or endosperm fiber, and evaluate their techno-economic feasibility at the commercial scale. Ethanol yields for plants processing 1113.11 MT corn/day were 37.2 to 40 million gal for wet fractionation and 37.3 to 31.3 million gal for dry fractionation, compared to 40.2 million gal for conventional dry grind process. Capital costs were higher for wet fractionation processes ($92.85 to $97.38 million) in comparison to conventional ($83.95 million) and dry fractionation ($83.35 to $84.91 million) processes. Due to high value of coproducts, ethanol production costs in most fractionation processes ($1.29 to $1.35/gal) were lower than conventional ($1.36/gal) process. Internal rate of return for most of the wet (6.88 to 8.58%) and dry fractionation (6.45 to 7.04%) processes was higher than the conventional (6.39%) process. Wet fractionation process designed for germ and pericarp fiber recovery was most profitable among the processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: ethanol; dry grind; wet fractionation; dry fractionation; corn fiber; techno-economic analysis; corn processing ethanol; dry grind; wet fractionation; dry fractionation; corn fiber; techno-economic analysis; corn processing
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Kurambhatti, C.; Kumar, D.; Singh, V. Impact of Fractionation Process on the Technical and Economic Viability of Corn Dry Grind Ethanol Process. Processes 2019, 7, 578.

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