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Open AccessArticle

Impact Analysis of Water Quality on the Development of Construction Materials

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Department of Civil Engineering, Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Technology, Multan 60000, Pakistan
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Pakistan Engineering Council, Ataturk Avenue (East), G-5/2, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
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Department of Environmental Chemistry, Bayreuth Centre for Ecology and Environmental Research, University of Bayreuth, 95440 Bayreuth, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2019, 7(9), 579; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7090579
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 15 August 2019 / Accepted: 21 August 2019 / Published: 2 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Quality Modelling)
This research dealt with the impact of the quality of the water source on the mechanical properties of construction materials. The mechanical properties of construction materials include compressive, tensile, and flexural strength. Water samples were collected from different resources, these samples were then synthetically investigated to identify and compare their quality parameters. After a detailed chemical analysis of water samples from three sources—wastewater, surface or canal water, and ground water—construction concrete material samples were prepared. The construction materials were developed with the same water–cement ratio, i.e., 0.60 for each concrete mix sample at two mix ratios—M1 (1:2:4) and M2 (1:1.5:3). Slump cone and compacting factor tests were conducted on the fresh concrete to determine its workability prior to its hardening. Then, at 7, 14, 21, and 28 days for each mix, tests for mechanical properties were carried out to determine the compressive, tensile, and flexure strengths. Results showed that the mechanical properties of the concrete made by utilizing wastewater and surface water were more noteworthy as compared to the concrete made by groundwater. This study will help in the production of concrete which depends on waste and surface canal water, even for large projects like rigid pavement construction and water-related structures. View Full-Text
Keywords: water quality; wastewater; water management; materials; strength water quality; wastewater; water management; materials; strength
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Farid, H.; Mansoor, M.S.; Shah, S.A.R.; Khan, N.M.; Shabbir, R.M.F.; Adnan, M.; Arshad, H.; Haq, I.-U.; Waseem, M. Impact Analysis of Water Quality on the Development of Construction Materials. Processes 2019, 7, 579.

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