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Processes 2019, 7(2), 105; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7020105

Biomaterial Implants in Abdominal Wall Hernia Repair: A Review on the Importance of the Peritoneal Interface

1
Department of Surgery, Medical and Social Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Alcalá, C.P: 28871 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain
2
Networking Biomedical Research Centre on Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine (CIBER-BBN), 50001 Zaragoza, Spain
3
Department of Medicine and Medical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Alcalá, C.P: 28871 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain
4
Ramón y Cajal Health Research Institute (IRYCIS), C.P: 28034 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 January 2019 / Revised: 8 February 2019 / Accepted: 10 February 2019 / Published: 16 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering)
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Abstract

Biomaterials have long been used to repair defects in the clinical setting, which has led to the development of a wide variety of new materials tailored to specific therapeutic purposes. The efficiency in the repair of the defect and the safety of the different materials employed are determined not only by the nature and structure of their components, but also by the anatomical site where they will be located. Biomaterial implantation into the abdominal cavity in the form of a surgical mesh, such as in the case of abdominal hernia repair, involves the contact between the foreign material and the peritoneum. This review summarizes the different biomaterials currently available in hernia mesh repair and provides insights into a series of peculiarities that must be addressed when designing the optimal mesh to be used in this interface. View Full-Text
Keywords: surgical mesh; hernia repair; peritoneum; peritoneal adhesions; omentum; polypropylene; hernia recurrence; abdominal wall surgical mesh; hernia repair; peritoneum; peritoneal adhesions; omentum; polypropylene; hernia recurrence; abdominal wall
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Gómez-Gil, V.; Pascual, G.; Bellón, J.M. Biomaterial Implants in Abdominal Wall Hernia Repair: A Review on the Importance of the Peritoneal Interface. Processes 2019, 7, 105.

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