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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Plant and Biomass Extraction and Valorisation under Hydrodynamic Cavitation

1
Dipartimento di Scienza e Tecnologia del Farmaco, University of Turin, Via P. Giuria 9, 10125 Turin, Italy
2
Departamento de Tecnologia e Ciência dos Alimentos, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, CEP 97105-900 Santa Maria, Brazil
3
E-PIC S.r.l., Via XXIV Maggio 20, 13888 Mongrando, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2019, 7(12), 965; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7120965
Received: 15 November 2019 / Revised: 9 December 2019 / Accepted: 12 December 2019 / Published: 17 December 2019
Hydrodynamic cavitation (HC) is a green technology that has been successfully used to intensify a number of process. The cavitation phenomenon is responsible for many effects, including improvements in mass transfer rates and effective cell-wall rupture, leading to matrix disintegration. HC is a promising strategy for extraction processes and provides the fast and efficient recovery of valuable compounds from plants and biomass with high quality. It is a simple method with high energy efficiency that shows great potential for large-scale operations. This review presents a general discussion of the mechanisms of HC, its advantages, different reactor configurations, its applications in the extraction of bioactive compounds from plants, lipids from algal biomass and delignification of lignocellulosic biomass, and a case study in which the HC extraction of basil leftovers is compared with that of other extraction methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrodynamic cavitation; process intensification; rotor/stator hydrodynamic rector; plant extraction; biomass treatment hydrodynamic cavitation; process intensification; rotor/stator hydrodynamic rector; plant extraction; biomass treatment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, Z.; Ferreira, D.F.; Crudo, D.; Bosco, V.; Stevanato, L.; Costale, A.; Cravotto, G. Plant and Biomass Extraction and Valorisation under Hydrodynamic Cavitation. Processes 2019, 7, 965.

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