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Economic Analysis of Cellulosic Ethanol Production from Sugarcane Bagasse Using a Sequential Deacetylation, Hot Water and Disk-Refining Pretreatment

1
Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
2
Bioenergy Research Unit, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, USDA-ARS, Peoria, IL 61604, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2019, 7(10), 642; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7100642
Received: 23 August 2019 / Revised: 13 September 2019 / Accepted: 17 September 2019 / Published: 20 September 2019
A new process for conversion of sugarcane bagasse to ethanol was analyzed for production costs and energy consumption using experimental results. The process includes a sequential three-stage deacetylation, hot water, and disk-refining pretreatment and a commercial glucose-xylose fermenting S. cerevisiae strain. The simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation (SScF) step used was investigated at two solids loadings: 10% and 16% w/w. Additionally, a sensitivity analysis was conducted for the major operating parameters. The minimum ethanol selling price (MESP) varied between $4.91and $4.52/gal ethanol. The higher SScF solids loading (16%) reduced the total operating, utilities, and production costs by 9.5%, 15.6%, and 5.6%, respectively. Other important factors in determining selling price were costs for fermentation medium and enzymes (e.g., cellulases). Hence, these findings support operating at high solids and producing enzymes onsite as strategies to minimize MESP. View Full-Text
Keywords: sugarcane bagasse; sequential three-stage pretreatment; simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation (SScF); production cost; minimum ethanol selling price sugarcane bagasse; sequential three-stage pretreatment; simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation (SScF); production cost; minimum ethanol selling price
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cheng, M.-H.; Wang, Z.; Dien, B.S.; Slininger, P.J.W.; Singh, V. Economic Analysis of Cellulosic Ethanol Production from Sugarcane Bagasse Using a Sequential Deacetylation, Hot Water and Disk-Refining Pretreatment. Processes 2019, 7, 642.

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