Modeling the Separation of Microorganisms in Bioprocesses by Flotation
AbstractBioprocesses for the production of renewable energies and materials lack efficient separation processes for the utilized microorganisms such as algae and yeasts. Dissolved air flotation (DAF) and microflotation are promising approaches to overcome this problem. The efficiency of these processes depends on the ability of microorganisms to aggregate with microbubbles in the flotation tank. In this study, different new or adapted aggregation models for microbubbles and microorganisms are compared and investigated for their range of suitability to predict the separation efficiency of microorganisms from fermentation broths. The complexity of the heteroaggregation models range from an algebraic model to a 2D population balance model (PBM) including the formation of clusters containing several bubbles and microorganisms. The effect of bubble and cell size distributions on the flotation efficiency is considered by applying PBMs, as well. To determine the sensitivity of the results on the model assumptions, the modeling approaches are compared, and suggestions for their range of applicability are given. Evaluating the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) of a dissolved air flotation (DAF) system shows the heterogeneity of the fluid dynamics in the flotation tank. Since analysis of the streamlines of the tank show negligible back mixing, the proposed aggregation models are coupled to the CFD data by applying a Lagrangian approach. View Full-Text
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Schmideder, S.; Kirse, C.; Hofinger, J.; Rollié, S.; Briesen, H. Modeling the Separation of Microorganisms in Bioprocesses by Flotation. Processes 2018, 6, 184.
Schmideder S, Kirse C, Hofinger J, Rollié S, Briesen H. Modeling the Separation of Microorganisms in Bioprocesses by Flotation. Processes. 2018; 6(10):184.Chicago/Turabian Style
Schmideder, Stefan; Kirse, Christoph; Hofinger, Julia; Rollié, Sascha; Briesen, Heiko. 2018. "Modeling the Separation of Microorganisms in Bioprocesses by Flotation." Processes 6, no. 10: 184.
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