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Informatics 2019, 6(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/informatics6010011

IGR Token-Raw Material and Ingredient Certification of Recipe Based Foods Using Smart Contracts

1
Center of Mathematics, Computing and Cognition, Federal University of ABC, Campus São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo 09606-070, Brazil
2
Department of Eletrical Engineering and Computer Science, Federal Institute of São Paulo, Campus Sertãozinho, São Paulo 14169-263, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 November 2018 / Revised: 4 February 2019 / Accepted: 28 February 2019 / Published: 11 March 2019
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Abstract

The use of smart contracts and blockchain tokens to implement a consumer trustworthy ingredient certification scheme for commingled foods, i.e., recipe based, food products is described. The proposed framework allows ingredients that carry any desired property (including social or environmental customer perceived value) to be certified by any certification authority, at the moment of harvest or extraction, using the IGR Ethereum token. The mechanism involves the transfer of tokens containing the internet url published at the authority’s web site from the farmer all along the supply chain to the final consumer at each transfer of custody of the ingredient using the Cricital Tracking Event/Key Data Elements (CTE/KDE) philosophy of the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT). This allows the end consumer to easily inspect and be assured of the origin of the ingredient by means of a mobile application. A successful code implementation of the framework was deployed, tested and is running as a beta version on the Ethereum live blockchain as the IGR token. The main contribution of the framework is the possibility to ensure the true origin of any instance or lot of ingredient within a recipe to the customer, without harming the food processor legitimate right to protect its recipes and suppliers. View Full-Text
Keywords: food traceability; smart contracts; ingredient certification; Ethereum token; commingled foods; supply chain; intellectual property; recipe management; full chain traceability; solidity; ERC-20 food traceability; smart contracts; ingredient certification; Ethereum token; commingled foods; supply chain; intellectual property; recipe management; full chain traceability; solidity; ERC-20
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

dos Santos, R.B.; Torrisi, N.M.; Yamada, E.R.K.; Pantoni, R.P. IGR Token-Raw Material and Ingredient Certification of Recipe Based Foods Using Smart Contracts. Informatics 2019, 6, 11.

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