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Article

The Effect of a 10-Week Physical Activity Programme on Fundamental Movement Skills in 3–4-Year-Old Children within Early Childhood Education Centres

1
School of Sport, Exercise and Nutrition, College of Health, Massey University, Auckland 0745, New Zealand
2
Department of Sport Science and Physical Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong, China
3
Faculty of Education, University of Waikato, Gate 5 Hillcrest Road, Hamilton 3216, New Zealand
4
School of Education, Federation University Australia, Ballarat, VIC 3353, Australia
5
Institute of Education, College of Humanities & Social Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Christine Delisle Nyström
Children 2021, 8(6), 440; https://doi.org/10.3390/children8060440
Received: 4 May 2021 / Revised: 18 May 2021 / Accepted: 21 May 2021 / Published: 24 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Nutrition Research)
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of a 10-week physical activity (PA) programme, in early childhood education (ECE) settings, on 3 and 4-year-old children’s fundamental movement skills (FMS). A further aim was to examine FMS three-months post-intervention. The PA instructors delivered one 45 min session/week over 10 weeks, to 3- and 4-year-old children (n = 46), across four ECE centres. These sessions involved participation from ECE teachers. Children in the control group (CON; n = 20) received no PA classes and completed pre- and post-intervention assessments only. Locomotor (e.g., running/hopping) and object-control (e.g., kicking/throwing) skills were assessed using the Test for Gross Motor Development-2 (TGMD-2), before and after the intervention and, for the intervention group (EXP), at 3 months. Locomotor and object-control skills significantly improved in the EXP group, with typically no change in the CON group. The EXP group’s locomotor and object-control skills were maintained at 3 months. The 10-week PA intervention successfully improved 3- and 4-year-old children’s FMS. View Full-Text
Keywords: pre-school; physical activity; motor skills; test of gross motor development; physical education pre-school; physical activity; motor skills; test of gross motor development; physical education
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ali, A.; McLachlan, C.; Mugridge, O.; McLaughlin, T.; Conlon, C.; Clarke, L. The Effect of a 10-Week Physical Activity Programme on Fundamental Movement Skills in 3–4-Year-Old Children within Early Childhood Education Centres. Children 2021, 8, 440. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8060440

AMA Style

Ali A, McLachlan C, Mugridge O, McLaughlin T, Conlon C, Clarke L. The Effect of a 10-Week Physical Activity Programme on Fundamental Movement Skills in 3–4-Year-Old Children within Early Childhood Education Centres. Children. 2021; 8(6):440. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8060440

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ali, Ajmol, Claire McLachlan, Owen Mugridge, Tara McLaughlin, Cathryn Conlon, and Linda Clarke. 2021. "The Effect of a 10-Week Physical Activity Programme on Fundamental Movement Skills in 3–4-Year-Old Children within Early Childhood Education Centres" Children 8, no. 6: 440. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8060440

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