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Article

Neighborhood, Peer, and Parental Influences on Minor and Major Substance Use of Latino and Black Adolescents

1
Department of Psychology, California State University Northridge, 18111 Nordhoff St., Northridge, CA 91330, USA
2
School of Family and Consumer Sciences, Texas State University, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX 78666, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Amanda W. Harrist and Michael M. Criss
Children 2021, 8(4), 267; https://doi.org/10.3390/children8040267
Received: 3 February 2021 / Revised: 28 March 2021 / Accepted: 30 March 2021 / Published: 31 March 2021
Self-report survey data were collected from 797 adolescents (47.2% Latino, 52.8% Black) in North Carolina. Path analyses were conducted to examine relationships between youth perceptions of maternal and paternal monitoring, neighborhood crime/drugs, friends’ delinquency, peer victimization, minor substance use, and major substance use. After establishing a good fitting model, multigroup models were conducted for Blacks vs. Latinos. The results indicated perceived maternal monitoring (and paternal monitoring for Latinos) was directly related to decreased exposure to neighborhood crime/drugs and friends’ delinquency. For Latinos and Blacks, maternal and paternal monitoring were directly related to gateway substance use, and indirectly related to major substance use through gateway substance use. Additionally, friends’ delinquency and peer victimization were directly related to gateway and major substance use for Blacks and Latinos. Thus, exposure to neighborhood crime/drugs was indirectly related to substance use through friends’ delinquency and peer victimization. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescent; Black; Latino; substance use; neighborhood; friends’ delinquency; peer victimization; parental monitoring adolescent; Black; Latino; substance use; neighborhood; friends’ delinquency; peer victimization; parental monitoring
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sigal, M.; Ross, B.J.; Behnke, A.O.; Plunkett, S.W. Neighborhood, Peer, and Parental Influences on Minor and Major Substance Use of Latino and Black Adolescents. Children 2021, 8, 267. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8040267

AMA Style

Sigal M, Ross BJ, Behnke AO, Plunkett SW. Neighborhood, Peer, and Parental Influences on Minor and Major Substance Use of Latino and Black Adolescents. Children. 2021; 8(4):267. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8040267

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sigal, Marika, Bryan J. Ross, Andrew O. Behnke, and Scott W. Plunkett 2021. "Neighborhood, Peer, and Parental Influences on Minor and Major Substance Use of Latino and Black Adolescents" Children 8, no. 4: 267. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8040267

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