Next Article in Journal
Experience and Prevalence of Dental Caries in 6 to 12-Year-Old School Children in an Agricultural Community: A Cross-Sectional Study
Previous Article in Journal
Is Chest Compression Superimposed with Sustained Inflation during Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation an Alternative to 3:1 Compression to Ventilation Ratio in Newborn Infants?
Comment published on 18 June 2021, see Children 2021, 8(6), 520.
Article

The Impact of COVID-19 on the Interrelation of Physical Activity, Screen Time and Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents in Germany: Results of the Motorik-Modul Study

1
Institute of Sports and Sports Science, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
2
Institute of Movement and Sport, University of Education Karlsruhe, 76133 Karlsruhe, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Authors contributed equally to the manuscript.
Children 2021, 8(2), 98; https://doi.org/10.3390/children8020098
Received: 19 November 2020 / Revised: 15 January 2021 / Accepted: 27 January 2021 / Published: 2 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Global and Public Health)
Reduced physical activity (PA) and prolonged screen time (ST) negatively influence health-related quality of life (HRQoL), a protective factor against illness and mortality. Studies addressing the relationship between PA, ST, and mental health in youth are scarce, especially in times with high mental health burdens like the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this examination was to investigate whether PA, ST, and HRQoL before COVID-19 predict PA, ST, and HRQoL during the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants from the Motorik-Modul Study (MoMo; N = 1711; Mage = 10.36 (SD = 4.04) years, female = 49.8%; healthy weight = 76.8%) self-reported their PA and ST as well as HRQoL both before and during COVID-19. Relationships of all variables, from before to during COVID-19, were investigated through a path prediction model. Results showed all variables during COVID-19 were predicted by the respective levels before COVID-19, independent of gender and age. Cross-lags revealed a negative influence of before COVID-19 ST on during COVID-19 PA. HRQoL before COVID-19 was positively associated with during COVID-19 PA in children younger than 10 years and females, but not in adolescents and boys. As age- and gender-independent negative influence of before COVID-19 ST on during COVID-19 PA has been detected, health policy may be advised to focus on a general reduction in ST instead of PA enhancement to ensure high PA levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: KIDSCREEN-10; subjective physical activity assessment; COVID-19; coronavirus; physical activity; screen time; sedentary behavior; quality of life KIDSCREEN-10; subjective physical activity assessment; COVID-19; coronavirus; physical activity; screen time; sedentary behavior; quality of life
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wunsch, K.; Nigg, C.; Niessner, C.; Schmidt, S.C.E.; Oriwol, D.; Hanssen-Doose, A.; Burchartz, A.; Eichsteller, A.; Kolb, S.; Worth, A.; Woll, A. The Impact of COVID-19 on the Interrelation of Physical Activity, Screen Time and Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents in Germany: Results of the Motorik-Modul Study. Children 2021, 8, 98. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8020098

AMA Style

Wunsch K, Nigg C, Niessner C, Schmidt SCE, Oriwol D, Hanssen-Doose A, Burchartz A, Eichsteller A, Kolb S, Worth A, Woll A. The Impact of COVID-19 on the Interrelation of Physical Activity, Screen Time and Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents in Germany: Results of the Motorik-Modul Study. Children. 2021; 8(2):98. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8020098

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wunsch, Kathrin, Carina Nigg, Claudia Niessner, Steffen C.E. Schmidt, Doris Oriwol, Anke Hanssen-Doose, Alexander Burchartz, Ana Eichsteller, Simon Kolb, Annette Worth, and Alexander Woll. 2021. "The Impact of COVID-19 on the Interrelation of Physical Activity, Screen Time and Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents in Germany: Results of the Motorik-Modul Study" Children 8, no. 2: 98. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8020098

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop