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Factors Affecting the Quality of Sleep in Children

Department of Pediatric, Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan 25200, Pahang, Malaysia
Academic Editor: Jun Kohyama
Children 2021, 8(2), 122; https://doi.org/10.3390/children8020122
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 5 February 2021 / Accepted: 6 February 2021 / Published: 9 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Factors Affecting the Quality of Sleep in Children)
Sleep quality is one of the domains of sleep. Having adequate quality sleep is defined as one’s “feeling fresh” after waking-up. Inadequate sleep quality results in sleep insufficiency producing a variety of symptoms and signs. The central nervous system is affected the most in children, although other system too may be involved. Several factors affect sleep quality in children including genetics, sleep habits, medical problems, parents/caregiver factors, screen time and the child’s environment. These factors are inter-related and dynamic. The outcome of sleep insufficiency is many involving neurocognitive and neurobehavior, mood and emotional issues and specific conditions, like pulmonary hypertension, cor pulmonale and obesity. Management should start with proper history taking to identify the multifaceted nature of the condition. Treatment is planned cognizant of the age of the patient and the associated etiological factors, and should involve both the children and their parents. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; sleep insufficiency; sleep quantity; sleep quality; affect; factors children; sleep insufficiency; sleep quantity; sleep quality; affect; factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fadzil, A. Factors Affecting the Quality of Sleep in Children. Children 2021, 8, 122. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8020122

AMA Style

Fadzil A. Factors Affecting the Quality of Sleep in Children. Children. 2021; 8(2):122. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8020122

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fadzil, Ahmad. 2021. "Factors Affecting the Quality of Sleep in Children" Children 8, no. 2: 122. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8020122

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