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Familial Factors Associating with Youth Physical Activity Using a National Sample
Open AccessArticle

Contextualizing Parental/Familial Influence on Physical Activity in Adolescents before and during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Prospective Analysis

1
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, 21000 Split, Croatia
2
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
3
Faculty of Medicine, University of Mostar, 88000 Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
4
Faculty of Science and Education, University of Mostar, 88000 Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Children 2020, 7(9), 125; https://doi.org/10.3390/children7090125
Received: 12 August 2020 / Revised: 27 August 2020 / Accepted: 2 September 2020 / Published: 3 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Parenting in Face of Health Challenges: Research and Interventions)
Parental and familial factors influence numerous aspects of adolescents’ lives, including their physical activity level (PAL). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in PAL which occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic, and to evaluate influence of sociodemographic and parental/familial factors on PAL levels before and during pandemic in adolescents from Bosnia and Herzegovina. The sample included 688 adolescents (15–18 years of age; 322 females) who were tested on two occasions: in January 2020 (baseline; before the COVID-19 pandemic) and in April 2020 (follow-up; during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown). Variables included PAL (measured by the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents–PAQ-A) as well as sociodemographic-, parental-, and familial factors. A significant decline in PALs was recorded between baseline and follow-up (t-test: 11.88, p < 0.001). Approximately 50% of adolescents underwent sufficient PAL at baseline, while only 24% of them were achieving sufficient PAL at the time of follow-up measurement. Paternal education was positively correlated (OR (95%CI): baseline: 6.63 (4.58–9.96), follow-up: 3.33 (1.19–7.01)), while familial conflict was negatively correlated (baseline: 0.72 (0.57–0.90), follow-up: 0.77 (0.60–0.99)) with PALs before and during the pandemic. This study highlights the importance of the parent–child relationship and parental/familiar support in promoting physical activity both during regular life and during crises and health challenging situations like the COVID-19 pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: parenting; crisis; risk factors; protective factors; puberty; social distancing parenting; crisis; risk factors; protective factors; puberty; social distancing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gilic, B.; Ostojic, L.; Corluka, M.; Volaric, T.; Sekulic, D. Contextualizing Parental/Familial Influence on Physical Activity in Adolescents before and during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Prospective Analysis. Children 2020, 7, 125. https://doi.org/10.3390/children7090125

AMA Style

Gilic B, Ostojic L, Corluka M, Volaric T, Sekulic D. Contextualizing Parental/Familial Influence on Physical Activity in Adolescents before and during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Prospective Analysis. Children. 2020; 7(9):125. https://doi.org/10.3390/children7090125

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gilic, Barbara; Ostojic, Ljerka; Corluka, Marin; Volaric, Tomislav; Sekulic, Damir. 2020. "Contextualizing Parental/Familial Influence on Physical Activity in Adolescents before and during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Prospective Analysis" Children 7, no. 9: 125. https://doi.org/10.3390/children7090125

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