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Minorities’ Diminished Returns of Parental Educational Attainment on Adolescents’ Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Problems

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Department of Family Medicine, Charles R Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, CA 90059, USA
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Department of Pediatrics, Charles R Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, CA 90059, USA
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Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2029, USA
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Center for Research on Ethnicity, Culture, and Health, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2029, USA
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Department of Family Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Children 2020, 7(5), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/children7050049
Received: 21 March 2020 / Revised: 14 April 2020 / Accepted: 13 May 2020 / Published: 18 May 2020
Aim: To compare racial groups for the effect of parental educational attainment on adolescents’ social, emotional, and behavioral problems. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 10,762 youth from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study were included. The independent variable was parental educational attainment. The main outcomes were (1) anxious and depressed mood, (2) withdrawn and depressed affect, (3) somatic complaints, (4) social and interpersonal problems, (5) thought problems, (6) rule-breaking behaviors, (7) attention problems, and (8) violent and aggressive behaviors. These scores were generated based on parent-reported behavioral problems measured using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Race and ethnicity were the moderators. Linear regression was used to analyze the ABCD data. Results: Overall, high parental educational attainment was associated with lower scores across all domains. Race and ethnicity showed statistically significant interactions with parental educational attainment on adolescents’ fewer social, emotional, and behavioral problems (all domains), net of all confounders, indicating smaller tangible gains from their parental educational attainment for Black and Hispanic compared to non-Hispanic White adolescents. Conclusions: The protective effects of parental education against social, emotional, and behavioral problems are systematically diminished for Hispanic and Black than non-Hispanic White adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: ethnic groups; socioeconomic status; socioeconomic factor; parental educational attainment ethnic groups; socioeconomic status; socioeconomic factor; parental educational attainment
MDPI and ACS Style

Assari, S.; Boyce, S.; Caldwell, C.H.; Bazargan, M. Minorities’ Diminished Returns of Parental Educational Attainment on Adolescents’ Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Problems. Children 2020, 7, 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/children7050049

AMA Style

Assari S, Boyce S, Caldwell CH, Bazargan M. Minorities’ Diminished Returns of Parental Educational Attainment on Adolescents’ Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Problems. Children. 2020; 7(5):49. https://doi.org/10.3390/children7050049

Chicago/Turabian Style

Assari, Shervin; Boyce, Shanika; Caldwell, Cleopatra H.; Bazargan, Mohsen. 2020. "Minorities’ Diminished Returns of Parental Educational Attainment on Adolescents’ Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Problems" Children 7, no. 5: 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/children7050049

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