Factors Affecting Vitamin D Status in Infants
AbstractVitamin D is critical to children’s skeletal development and health. Despite this, the factors which determine vitamin D concentrations during infancy remain incompletely understood. This article reviews the literature assessing the factors which can affect vitamin D status in infancy, including antenatal and postnatal vitamin D supplementation. Observational data supports that dietary intake of vitamin D, UV exposure, and geographic factors contribute significantly to infants’ vitamin D status, but the relationship is unclear regarding genetic variation, ethnicity, and maternal vitamin D status. Randomised controlled trials have compared higher versus lower doses of infant vitamin D supplementation, but no studies have compared infant vitamin D supplementation to placebo and eliminated external sources of vitamin D to fully quantify its effect on vitamin D status. Knowledge gaps remain regarding the factors associated with optimal vitamin D concentrations in infants—including key factors such as ethnicity and genetic variation—and further studies are needed. View Full-Text
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Fink, C.; Peters, R.L.; Koplin, J.J.; Brown, J.; Allen, K.J. Factors Affecting Vitamin D Status in Infants. Children 2019, 6, 7.
Fink C, Peters RL, Koplin JJ, Brown J, Allen KJ. Factors Affecting Vitamin D Status in Infants. Children. 2019; 6(1):7.Chicago/Turabian Style
Fink, Charles; Peters, Rachel L.; Koplin, Jennifer J.; Brown, Justin; Allen, Katrina J. 2019. "Factors Affecting Vitamin D Status in Infants." Children 6, no. 1: 7.
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