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Children 2018, 5(2), 23;

Unintentional Childhood Injuries in Urban and Rural Ujjain, India: A Community-Based Survey

Department of Paediatrics, R. D. Gardi Medical College, Ujjain 456006, India
Department of Public Health & Environment, R. D. Gardi Medical College, Ujjain 456006, India
Global Health—Health Systems and Policy, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm SE-171 76, Sweden
Department of Women and Children’s Health, International Maternal and Child Health Unit, Uppsala University, Uppsala SE-751 85, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 December 2017 / Revised: 4 February 2018 / Accepted: 5 February 2018 / Published: 8 February 2018
PDF [218 KB, uploaded 8 February 2018]


Injuries are a major global public health problem. There are very few community-based studies on childhood injury from India. The objective of this cross-sectional, community-based survey was to identify the incidence, type, and risk factors of unintentional childhood injuries. The study was done in seven villages and ten contiguous urban slums in Ujjain, India. World Health Organization (WHO) tested tools and definitions were used for the survey, which included 2518 households having 6308 children up to 18 years of age, with 2907 children from urban households and 3401 from rural households. The annual incidence of all injuries was 16.6%, 95% Confidence Interval 15.7–17.5%, (n = 1049). The incidence was significantly higher among boys compared to girls (20.2% versus 12.7%, respectively), was highest in age group 6–10 years of age (18.9%), and in urban locations (17.5%). The most commonly identified injury types were: physical injuries (71%), burns (16%), poisonings (10%), agriculture-related injuries (2%), near drowning (2%), and suffocations (2%). The most common place of injury was streets followed by home. The study identified incidence of different types of unintentional childhood injuries and factors associated with increased risk of unintentional injuries. The results can help in designing injury prevention strategies and awareness programs in similar settings.
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Keywords: childhood injuries; incidence; epidemiology; risk factors; India childhood injuries; incidence; epidemiology; risk factors; India
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Mathur, A.; Mehra, L.; Diwan, V.; Pathak, A. Unintentional Childhood Injuries in Urban and Rural Ujjain, India: A Community-Based Survey. Children 2018, 5, 23.

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