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Biomedicines 2018, 6(2), 67; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines6020067

Learning and Unlearning of Pain

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, LWL University Hospital, Ruhr University Bochum, 44791 Bochum, Germany
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Received: 17 April 2018 / Revised: 23 May 2018 / Accepted: 1 June 2018 / Published: 5 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neural Mechanisms of Learning)
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Abstract

This review provides an overview of learning mechanisms and memory aspects for the development of chronic pain. Pain can be influenced in important ways by an individual’s personality, by family, and by the sociocultural environment in which they live. Therefore, learning mechanisms can explain why pain experience and pain behavior can increase or decrease. Linking pain with positive consequences or removing negative consequences can contribute significantly to the chronification of pain. We will provide an overview of treatment options that use the characteristics of extinction. Operant extinction training and cognitive behavioral approaches show promising results for the treatment of chronic pain. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic pain; learning; classical conditioning; operant conditioning; observational learning; extinction; operant behavioral treatment; cognitive behavioral treatment chronic pain; learning; classical conditioning; operant conditioning; observational learning; extinction; operant behavioral treatment; cognitive behavioral treatment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Cordier, L.; Diers, M. Learning and Unlearning of Pain. Biomedicines 2018, 6, 67.

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