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Open AccessReview

Learning and Unlearning of Pain

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, LWL University Hospital, Ruhr University Bochum, 44791 Bochum, Germany
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Biomedicines 2018, 6(2), 67; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines6020067
Received: 17 April 2018 / Revised: 23 May 2018 / Accepted: 1 June 2018 / Published: 5 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neural Mechanisms of Learning)
This review provides an overview of learning mechanisms and memory aspects for the development of chronic pain. Pain can be influenced in important ways by an individual’s personality, by family, and by the sociocultural environment in which they live. Therefore, learning mechanisms can explain why pain experience and pain behavior can increase or decrease. Linking pain with positive consequences or removing negative consequences can contribute significantly to the chronification of pain. We will provide an overview of treatment options that use the characteristics of extinction. Operant extinction training and cognitive behavioral approaches show promising results for the treatment of chronic pain. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic pain; learning; classical conditioning; operant conditioning; observational learning; extinction; operant behavioral treatment; cognitive behavioral treatment chronic pain; learning; classical conditioning; operant conditioning; observational learning; extinction; operant behavioral treatment; cognitive behavioral treatment
MDPI and ACS Style

Cordier, L.; Diers, M. Learning and Unlearning of Pain. Biomedicines 2018, 6, 67. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines6020067

AMA Style

Cordier L, Diers M. Learning and Unlearning of Pain. Biomedicines. 2018; 6(2):67. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines6020067

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cordier, Larissa; Diers, Martin. 2018. "Learning and Unlearning of Pain" Biomedicines 6, no. 2: 67. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines6020067

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