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Article

Effect of Regular Taekwondo Self-Defense Training on Oxidative Stress and Inflammation Markers in Postmenopausal Women

by 1, 2, 1,2,* and 2,*
1
Department of Taekwondo, College of Arts and Physical Education, Dong-A University, Busan 49315, Korea
2
Laboratory of Exercise Biochemistry, Department of Physical Education, College of Arts and Physical Education, Dong-A University, Busan 49315, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Daniela Figueiredo and Oscar Ribeiro
Healthcare 2021, 9(8), 985; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9080985
Received: 26 May 2021 / Revised: 27 July 2021 / Accepted: 29 July 2021 / Published: 3 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Healthcare and Rehabilitation of Older Adults)
We aimed to investigate the effect of a 12-week Taekwondo self-defense training course on oxidative stress and inflammation in postmenopausal women. Sixteen middle-aged women participated and were randomized into two groups: a control group (CG, n = 8) and a Taekwondo self-defense training group (TSDG, n = 8). The TSDG was trained for 60 min, four times per week, for 12 weeks. Following the Taekwondo training intervention, side-step was significantly higher in the TSDG than in the CG (p < 0.001). Malondialdehyde levels were significantly lower after the intervention than before in the TSDG (p < 0.01). Superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels were also significantly higher after the intervention than before in the TSDG (p < 0.001). After the Taekwondo training intervention, SOD levels were significantly higher in the TSDG than in the CG (p < 0.01). Tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) levels were significantly lower after the intervention than before in the TSDG (p < 0.05). After the Taekwondo training intervention, TNF-α levels were significantly lower in the TSDG than in the CG (p < 0.05). The results of this study suggest that Taekwondo self-defense training is an effective exercise that improves agility, oxidative stress, and inflammatory responses in postmenopausal women. View Full-Text
Keywords: antioxidant enzymes; exercise; lipid profile; martial arts; physical fitness; reactive oxygen species antioxidant enzymes; exercise; lipid profile; martial arts; physical fitness; reactive oxygen species
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ku, B.-J.; Ko, K.; Shin, K.-O.; Bae, J.-Y. Effect of Regular Taekwondo Self-Defense Training on Oxidative Stress and Inflammation Markers in Postmenopausal Women. Healthcare 2021, 9, 985. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9080985

AMA Style

Ku B-J, Ko K, Shin K-O, Bae J-Y. Effect of Regular Taekwondo Self-Defense Training on Oxidative Stress and Inflammation Markers in Postmenopausal Women. Healthcare. 2021; 9(8):985. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9080985

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ku, Beom-Jun, Kangeun Ko, Ki-Ok Shin, and Ju-Yong Bae. 2021. "Effect of Regular Taekwondo Self-Defense Training on Oxidative Stress and Inflammation Markers in Postmenopausal Women" Healthcare 9, no. 8: 985. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9080985

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