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Otitis Media and Obesity—An Unusual Relationship in Children

Pediatrics Department, Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 16 Universitatii Street, 700115 Iasi, Romania
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Academic Editor: Arianna Di Stadio
Healthcare 2021, 9(4), 458; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9040458
Received: 22 March 2021 / Revised: 6 April 2021 / Accepted: 11 April 2021 / Published: 14 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Otolaryngology from Diagnosis to Treatment)
Otitis media (OM) represents a public health matter, being the main cause of preventable hearing loss in pediatric patients. Besides well-established risk factors for developing OM, such as craniofacial abnormalities, prematurity, low birth weight, or tobacco exposure, there is evidence that obesity could be associated with a high incidence of OM. Our aim is to perform a literature review on the state of current published research on the relationship between OM and obesity and to discuss the interconnectivity between these two entities. We conducted an electronic search in PubMed and EMBASE databases. Out of 176 references, 15 articles were included in our study. Our findings suggest that obesity and overweight might be risk factors for developing OM, and vice versa. The main mechanisms for developing OM in obese patients include alteration in cytokine profile, increased gastroesophageal reflux, and/or fat accumulation. Conversely, ear infections exposure might increase the risk of obesity, mostly by taste changes through middle ear cavity inflammation. View Full-Text
Keywords: otitis media; obesity; children otitis media; obesity; children
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gavrilovici, C.; Spoială, E.-L.; Ivanov, A.-V.; Mocanu, A.; Ștreangă, V.; Alecsa, M.-S.; Miron, I. Otitis Media and Obesity—An Unusual Relationship in Children. Healthcare 2021, 9, 458. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9040458

AMA Style

Gavrilovici C, Spoială E-L, Ivanov A-V, Mocanu A, Ștreangă V, Alecsa M-S, Miron I. Otitis Media and Obesity—An Unusual Relationship in Children. Healthcare. 2021; 9(4):458. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9040458

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gavrilovici, Cristina, Elena-Lia Spoială, Anca-Viorica Ivanov, Adriana Mocanu, Violeta Ștreangă, Mirabela-Smaranda Alecsa, and Ingrith Miron. 2021. "Otitis Media and Obesity—An Unusual Relationship in Children" Healthcare 9, no. 4: 458. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9040458

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