Article

# Application of Basic Graph Theory in Autonomous Motion of Robots

by 1,*,
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Faculty of Science, University of Hradec Kralove, Rokitanskeho 62, 50003 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
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Faculty of Education, University of Hradec Kralove, Rokitanskeho 62, 50003 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mathematics 2021, 9(9), 919; https://doi.org/10.3390/math9090919
Received: 28 February 2021 / Revised: 9 April 2021 / Accepted: 19 April 2021 / Published: 21 April 2021
Discrete mathematics covers the field of graph theory, which solves various problems in graphs using algorithms, such as coloring graphs. Part of graph theory is focused on algorithms that solve the passage through mazes and labyrinths. This paper presents a study conducted as part of a university course focused on graph theory. The course addressed the problem of high student failure in the mazes and labyrinths chapter. Students’ theoretical knowledge and practical skills in solving algorithms in the maze were low. Therefore, the use of educational robots and their involvement in the teaching of subjects in part focused on mazes and labyrinths. This study shows an easy passage through the individual areas of teaching the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) concept. In this article, we describe the research survey and focus on the description and examples of teaching in a university course. Part of the work is the introduction of an easy transition from the theoretical solution of algorithms to their practical implementation on a real autonomous robot. The theoretical part of the course introduced the issues of graph theory and basic algorithms for solving the passage through the labyrinth. The contribution of this study is a change in the approach to teaching graph theory and a greater interconnection of individual areas of STEM to achieve better learning outcomes for science students. View Full-Text
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MDPI and ACS Style

Coufal, P.; Hubálovský, Š.; Hubálovská, M. Application of Basic Graph Theory in Autonomous Motion of Robots. Mathematics 2021, 9, 919. https://doi.org/10.3390/math9090919

AMA Style

Coufal P, Hubálovský Š, Hubálovská M. Application of Basic Graph Theory in Autonomous Motion of Robots. Mathematics. 2021; 9(9):919. https://doi.org/10.3390/math9090919

Chicago/Turabian Style

Coufal, Petr, Štěpán Hubálovský, and Marie Hubálovská. 2021. "Application of Basic Graph Theory in Autonomous Motion of Robots" Mathematics 9, no. 9: 919. https://doi.org/10.3390/math9090919

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