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Article

ICT Use and Successful Learning: The Role of the Stock of Human Capital

1
Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Department of Applied Economics, University of Zaragoza, 50005 Zaragoza, Spain
2
Faculty of Economic Sciences, Economic Sciences Research Institute, University of Costa Rica, 2060 San José, Costa Rica
3
College of Economic Sciences of Costa Rica, 11503 Mercedes, Costa Rica
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sara M. González-Betancor and Carmen Pérez-Esparrells
Mathematics 2021, 9(14), 1648; https://doi.org/10.3390/math9141648
Received: 8 June 2021 / Revised: 1 July 2021 / Accepted: 10 July 2021 / Published: 13 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economics of Education: Quantitative Methods for Educational Policies)
Previous empirical studies have found a weak nexus between the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) for learning and students’ outcomes. However, this literature has not considered the role that the countries’ stock of human capital can have in the successful use of ICT for learning. In this paper, we test empirically the existence of complementarities between human capital and technology adoption for learning. We carry out an empirical analysis with PISA data from a large-scale sample of 363,412 students enrolled in 13,215 schools in 48 countries. We estimate a hierarchical linear model (HLM) of three levels: students, schools, and countries. Our results strongly support the evidence of a positive externality of the stock of human capital on ICT use for learning. When we consider the moderator-effect of the stock of human capital, we find that the negative outcome of ICT use on students’ outcomes in mathematics, reading and science turns positive (greater and more positive the higher the stocks of human capital are). The greater the stock of human capital an economy has, the more benefits it can get from investments in ICT for learning. View Full-Text
Keywords: ICT; technology; internet; computers; human capital; students; schools; teaching; academic achievement; educational outcomes; Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) ICT; technology; internet; computers; human capital; students; schools; teaching; academic achievement; educational outcomes; Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)
MDPI and ACS Style

Gimenez, G.; Vargas-Montoya, L. ICT Use and Successful Learning: The Role of the Stock of Human Capital. Mathematics 2021, 9, 1648. https://doi.org/10.3390/math9141648

AMA Style

Gimenez G, Vargas-Montoya L. ICT Use and Successful Learning: The Role of the Stock of Human Capital. Mathematics. 2021; 9(14):1648. https://doi.org/10.3390/math9141648

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gimenez, Gregorio, and Luis Vargas-Montoya. 2021. "ICT Use and Successful Learning: The Role of the Stock of Human Capital" Mathematics 9, no. 14: 1648. https://doi.org/10.3390/math9141648

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