The framework of this paper is the concept of derivative from the point of view of abstract algebra and differential calculus. The objective of this paper is to introduce a novel concept of derivative which arises in certain economic problems, specifically in intertemporal choice when trying to characterize moderately and strongly decreasing impatience. To do this, we have employed the usual tools and magnitudes of financial mathematics with an algebraic nomenclature. The main contribution of this paper is twofold. On the one hand, we have proposed a novel framework and a different approach to the concept of relative derivation which satisfies the so-called generalized Leibniz’s rule. On the other hand, in spite of the fact that this peculiar approach can be applied to other disciplines, we have presented the mathematical characterization of the two main types of decreasing impatience in the ambit of behavioral finance, based on a previous characterization involving the proportional increasing of the variable “time”. Finally, this paper points out other patterns of variation which could be applied in economics and other scientific disciplines.
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