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Mathematics 2019, 7(3), 220; https://doi.org/10.3390/math7030220

MHD Flow of Nanofluid with Homogeneous-Heterogeneous Reactions in a Porous Medium under the Influence of Second-Order Velocity Slip

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering University of Tabuk, Tabuk 71491, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, Helwan University, Cairo 11795, Egypt
3
Department of Studies and Basic Sciences, Faculty of Community, University of Tabuk, Tabuk 71491, Saudi Arabia
4
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Tabuk, P.O. Box 741, Tabuk 71491, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 January 2019 / Revised: 21 February 2019 / Accepted: 21 February 2019 / Published: 26 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Computational Fluid Dynamics)
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Abstract

The influence of second-order velocity slip on the MHD flow of nanofluid in a porous medium under the effects of homogeneous-heterogeneous reactions has been analyzed. The governing flow equation is exactly solved and compared with those in the literature for the skin friction coefficient in the absence of the second slip, where great differences have been observed. In addition, the effects of the permanent parameters on the skin friction coefficient, the velocity, and the concentration have been discussed in the presence of the second slip. As an important result, the behavior of the skin friction coefficient at various values of the porosity and volume fraction is changed from increasing (in the absence of the second slip) to decreasing (in the presence of the second slip), which confirms the importance of the second slip in modeling the boundary layer flow of nanofluids. In addition, five kinds of nanofluids have been investigated for the velocity profiles and it is found that the Ag-water nanofluid is the lowest. For only the heterogeneous reaction, the concentration equation has been exactly solved, while the numerical solution is applied in the general case. Accordingly, a reduction in the concentration occurs with the strengthening of the heterogenous reaction and also with the increase in the Schmidt parameter. Moreover, the Ag-water nanofluid is of lower concentration than the Cu-water nanofluid. This is also true for the general case, when both of the homogenous and heterogenous reactions take place. View Full-Text
Keywords: homogeneous-heterogeneous reactions; porous medium; first slip; second slip; exact solution homogeneous-heterogeneous reactions; porous medium; first slip; second slip; exact solution
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Almutairi, F.; Khaled, S.; Ebaid, A. MHD Flow of Nanofluid with Homogeneous-Heterogeneous Reactions in a Porous Medium under the Influence of Second-Order Velocity Slip. Mathematics 2019, 7, 220.

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