Next Article in Journal
A Confirmatory Evaluation of an Educational Orientation Tool for Pre-University Students
Next Article in Special Issue
Teaching and Learning Methods in Geography Promoting Sustainability
Previous Article in Journal
The Role of L2 and Cultural Mediation in the Inclusion of Immigrant Students in Italian Schools
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Mystery Method Reconsidered—A Tool for Assessing Systems Thinking in Education for Sustainable Development
Open AccessReview

If a Tree Falls: Business Students Learning Active Citizenship from Environmentalists

International Business, The Hague University of Applied Sciences, 2521 EN The Hague, The Netherlands
Faculty of Education, University of Oulu, 90570 Oulu, Finland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Educ. Sci. 2019, 9(4), 284;
Received: 6 November 2019 / Revised: 23 November 2019 / Accepted: 25 November 2019 / Published: 30 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geography Education Promoting Sustainability)
This article presents and discusses student assignments reflecting on the documentary film If a Tree Falls, written as part of the Business Ethics and Sustainability course at The Hague University of Applied Sciences. This article follows two lines of inquiry. First, it challenges mainstream environmental education, supporting critical pedagogy and ecopedagogy. These pedagogies, which advocate pedagogy for radical change, offer a distinct and valuable contribution to sustainability education, enabling students to critically examine normative assumptions, and learn about ethical relativity, and citizenship engagement from environmentalists. The discussion of “lessons of radical environmentalism” is pertinent to the question of what types of actions are likely to achieve the widely acceptable long-term societal change. While this article focuses on student reflection on a film about radical environmentalism, this article also discusses many forms of activism and raises the question of what can be considered effective activism and active citizenship in the context of the philosophy of (environmental or sustainability) education in connection didactics and curriculum studies. Second, this article argues for the need for reformed democracy and inclusive pluralism that recognizes the needs of nonhuman species, ecocentrism, and deep ecology. The connection between these two purposes is expressed in the design of the student assignment: It is described as a case study, which employs critical pedagogy and ecopedagogy. View Full-Text
Keywords: democracy; critical pedagogy; ecopedagogy; sustainability; radical environmentalism democracy; critical pedagogy; ecopedagogy; sustainability; radical environmentalism
MDPI and ACS Style

Kopnina, H.; Saari, M.H. If a Tree Falls: Business Students Learning Active Citizenship from Environmentalists. Educ. Sci. 2019, 9, 284.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop