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Educ. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 60;

Democracy and Education through the Eyes of Kuwaiti Politicians: A Phenomenological Study

College of Education, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 13281, Keifan 71953, Kuwait
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 February 2019 / Revised: 11 March 2019 / Accepted: 12 March 2019 / Published: 15 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Democracy, Justice, and Human Rights Education)
Full-Text   |   PDF [250 KB, uploaded 25 March 2019]


Kuwait’s Constitution defines the small Arab Gulf nation as a constitutional democracy led by a hereditary emirate, although outside observers have questioned the degree to which it is indeed democratic. Despite such scepticism, Kuwait has undoubtedly taken some steps to promote democratization, including the introduction of the Constitution and Human Rights (CHR) module to the national curriculum to teach high students about civics, democracy and rights. While previous studies have explored the perspectives of Kuwaiti students and teachers towards democracy in general and the CHR in particular, the perspectives of Kuwaiti politicians have not been previously explored. To better understand their perspectives of and experiences towards democracy and education for democracy, this study employed a phenomenological approach involving 15-to-30-min semi-structured interviews with five Kuwait politicians who have served as either Members of the Kuwaiti National Assembly or Ministers or both. The themes that emerged included Active Versus Passive Democracy, Homegrown Versus Imported Democracy, Culture and Democracy and Education for Democracy, which are discussed in greater detail in the article. View Full-Text
Keywords: democracy; education; Kuwait; human rights; politicians democracy; education; Kuwait; human rights; politicians
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Alnufaishan, S.; Alrashidi, A. Democracy and Education through the Eyes of Kuwaiti Politicians: A Phenomenological Study. Educ. Sci. 2019, 9, 60.

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