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Educ. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci9010046

Promoting Young Children’s Interest in Learning English in EFL Context: The Role of Mothers

Department of Child Development and Family Studies, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
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Received: 15 January 2019 / Revised: 12 February 2019 / Accepted: 20 February 2019 / Published: 26 February 2019
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a mother’s motivation for providing English education to a young child on the provision of English education and the child’s interest in learning English. Also, the mediating role of the type of English education provided (English interaction at home and English private lessons) between a mother’s motivation and a child’s interest in learning English was examined. In total, 414 Korean mothers of 3-to-5-year-olds reported their motivation for providing English education to their child, frequency of English interaction at home, and the duration of English private lessons the child experienced. The degree of a child’s interest in learning English was measured by both the child’s mother and the teacher. The main results are as follows. First, a mother’s integrative motivation had a positive effect on the provision of English education. On the other hand, a mother’s instrumental motivation did not have a significant effect on the provision of English education. Also, a mother’s integrative motivation had an indirect effect on a child’ interest in learning English through English interaction at home. A mother’s integrative motivation had a direct effect on a child’s interest in learning English as well. This study is theoretically meaningful in that the concept of integrative and instrumental motivation of foreign language learners is extended to the mothers who provide foreign language education to their young children. Also, this study provides practical implications for early childhood mothers by highlighting the importance of integrative motivation and English interaction at home to enhance the child’s interest in learning English. View Full-Text
Keywords: young child; interest in learning English; integrative motivation; instrumental motivation; home interaction young child; interest in learning English; integrative motivation; instrumental motivation; home interaction
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Choi, N.; Kang, S.; Cho, H.J.; Sheo, J. Promoting Young Children’s Interest in Learning English in EFL Context: The Role of Mothers. Educ. Sci. 2019, 9, 46.

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