- freely available
Educ. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci9010019
2. Research Methodology and Theoretical Framework
2.1. Research Methodology
2.2. Theoretical Framework
3. The Benefits of Preschool Education
3.1. Brain Development
3.2. Improvement in Later Life Outcomes
4. The Current State of Preschool Education
4.1. Problems with Preschool Education
4.2. Improvement of Preschool Education
- Early learning standards across multiple domains
- A well-implemented curriculum that supports learning and development
- A bachelor’s degree for lead teachers
- Specialized preparation for lead teachers on learning, development, and pedagogy at the preschool level
- A Child Development Associate (CDA) credential or equivalent preparation for assistant teachers
- Teacher participation in a substantial number of hours of professional development
- Class size maximum of 20 children
- Staff-to-child ratio of 1:10 or less
- Screening and support services for hearing, vision, dental, and other health areas
- Continuous monitoring to ensure improvement in practice
- To create a safe and healthy learning environment
- To promote intellectual and physical competence
- To provide positive guidance and support emotional and social development
- To form productive and positive relationships with families
- To make sure participants experience a purposeful program responsive to their needs
- To sustain commitment to professionalism
5. Other Strategies for Improving Preschool Education
5.1. Funding of Preschool Education
5.2. Salaries and Working Conditions
6. Advocates and Critics of Universal Preschool
6.1. Arguments for Universal Preschool
6.2. Arguments against Universal Preschool
7. Policy Recommendations
7.1. High Cost of Preschool
7.2. Improvement in K-12 Schools
- 26th in enrollment for four-year-olds
- 24th in enrollment for three-year-olds
- 22nd in the age that children start an early education program
- 15th in teacher-to-child ratio
- 21st in total investment in early education relative to country wealth
Conflicts of Interest
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